Clinical chemistry encompasses a wide range of diagnostic tests and analyses that provide important information about the condition of the human body. In modern medicine, devices and systems for glucose determination, haemoglobin determination and urine diagnostics play a central role. In addition, rapid tests in clinical chemistry are becoming increasingly important.
Devices and systems for glucose determination are crucial for monitoring diabetes patients. They enable fast and accurate measurement of blood glucose levels. These devices use test strips that come into contact with a tiny amount of blood and measure the amount of glucose. Modern systems often offer additional features such as storage of readings, calculation of averages and wireless data transmission to other devices or healthcare professionals.
Special devices and systems are also used for haemoglobin determination. Haemoglobin is a protein in the red blood cells that enables the transport of oxygen in the body. Haemoglobin measurement is important for diagnosing anaemia, a condition in which the haemoglobin level in the blood is low. Modern devices often use non-invasive methods, such as a sensor on the finger, to measure haemoglobin levels. These quick and painless tests allow for rapid diagnosis and monitoring.
Specialised devices and systems are also used for urine diagnostics. Urine analyses provide important information about the general state of health and can indicate various diseases. Modern devices allow urine samples to be analysed quickly and accurately. They can measure parameters such as pH, the presence of proteins, glucose, bacteria and other substances. These tests are non-invasive and can often be performed in the doctor's office.
Rapid tests in clinical chemistry are becoming increasingly important as they can provide rapid results and improve the efficiency of patient care. These tests are often used in emergency and point-of-care situations (POCT). They enable the rapid diagnosis of infections, such as influenza, or the detection of certain biomarkers in the blood. Modern rapid tests use innovative technologies, such as immunological or molecular detection methods, to provide accurate and reliable results.