In medical microtechnology, tiny components and systems are developed that are able to address medical problems at the cellular or even molecular level. Mechatronics and micromechanics play a crucial role in the design and manufacture of these components, which often require precise movements and positioning.
Mechatronics is a multidisciplinary field that combines mechanics, electronics and computer science to develop advanced systems. In medical microtechnology, mechatronics plays a crucial role in the design and development of high-precision microscale systems. These systems are used in micromechanics, where tiny mechanical components are manufactured to enable precise movements and functions.
Microactuators deals with the development of actuators in microscale dimensions. These tiny actuators can, for example, control medical instruments or implants to perform precise actions. Microsensing, on the other hand, focuses on the development of small sensors that are able to detect tiny physical or chemical changes. These sensors can be used in medical diagnostics, monitoring or therapy.
Microelectronics plays a central role in medical microtechnology, as it forms the basis for the development of miniaturised electronic components. These components enable the integration of complex functions in the smallest dimensions. Microoptics deals with the manipulation of light in microscale systems and has applications in medical imaging and laser technology. Microfluidics deals with the control of fluids in microscale channels and has applications in medical analytics and diagnostics.
Micromachining and microassembly are processes for the precise machining and assembly of components at microscale dimensions to produce complex devices.
Nanotechnology is an emerging field concerned with the control and manipulation of matter at the atomic or molecular level. In medical microtechnology, nanomaterials and nanodevices are used to create innovative diagnostic and therapeutic options.