Stroke care: When every minute counts -- MEDICA - World Forum for Medicine

Image: Close-up of a brain MRI scan result; Copyright: Rawpixel

Rawpixel

Ultrasound and bubbles help medicines reach the brain

12/08/2022

Ultrasound in combination with microbubbles is currently the only method to penetrate the blood-brain barrier in a way that only affects conditions locally and that does not destroy the tissue.
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Image: A little girl is sleeping and doing a neurofeedback examination, Copyright: Karunyapas

Karunyapas

Could overnight EEG studies improve care for Rett syndrome?

10/08/2022

First study to look at sleep EEGs in patients with Rett syndrome finds patterns that diverge from those in typically developing children. This could aid in predicting disease features and severity.
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Image: Close-up of a brain MRI scan result; Copyright: Rawpixel

Rawpixel

Brain tumor cells invade the brain as neuronal free riders

08/08/2022

Scientists at Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg University and the German Cancer Research Center have discovered an elementary new spreading strategy in gioblastomas, the most aggressive of all brain tumors.
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Image: A woman waits for an EEG measurement while researcher Dr. Vukelic prepares the electrodes with gel, Copyright: Audi

Audi

Technology that responds sensitively to people

05/08/2022

How does work affect our daily lives and how does it affect our mental and physical health? How do technical solutions change people and how can devices be made more human-centric? A five-person team at the Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering IAO is investigating these issues.
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Image: Two smiling men sitting in an inner courtyard - Klaus Gerwert and Léon Beyer; Copyright: RUB/Marquard

RUB/Marquard

Sensor: early Alzheimer’s detection up to 17 years in advance

01/08/2022

The dementia disorder Alzheimer’s disease has a symptom-free course of 15 to 20 years before the first clinical symptoms emerge. Using an immuno-infrared sensor developed in Bochum, a research team is able to identify signs of Alzheimer’s disease in the blood up to 17 years before the first clinical symptoms appear.
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Image: Illustration showing how an AI-based test method works; Copyright: Ryuji Kato

Ryuji Kato

AI detects whether drugs are effective for neurodegenerative diseases

01/08/2022

A research group from Nagoya University in Japan has developed an artificial intelligence for analyzing cell images that uses machine learning to predict the therapeutic effect of drugs. Called in silico FOCUS, this new technology may aid in the discovery of therapeutic agents for neurodegenerative disorders such as Kennedy disease.
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Image: Micrograph of drying patterns of peptide solutions; Copyright: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

Peptide "fingerprint" enables earlier diagnosis of alzheimer’s disease

28/07/2022

Neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s disease or Parkinson’s disease are caused by folding errors (misfolding) in proteins or peptides, i.e. by changes in their spatial structure.
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Image: Two smiling men are standing in front of a large, box-shaped device with a glass front – Prof. Niels Voigt, Dr. Thomas Mager; Copyright: mbexc

mbexc

Unique technology platform for cellular electrophysiology and optogenetics

26/07/2022

Electrical activity is one of the most important common features of the heart and the brain. The goal of the Göttingen Cluster of Excellence "Multiscale Bioimaging: From Molecular Machines to Networks of Excitable Cells (MBExC)" is to understand the functional properties of cardiomyocytes and neurons, which form the smallest electrically active units of both organs.
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Image: Illustration of a human head an the Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation; Copyright: Alexandre Azinheira, Champalimaud Foundation.

Alexandre Azinheira, Champalimaud Foundation.

Brain stimulation as an antidepressant treatment for older adults

25/07/2022

New study from the Champalimaud Foundation’s Neuropsychiatry Unit casts doubt on long-held but controversial belief that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may not be suitable treatment for depression in older adults.
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Image: iHandUApp on a smartphone shows medical statistical data; Copyright: INESC Brussels HUB

INESC Brussels HUB

Wearable system tracks Parkinson’s Disease symptoms remotely

22/07/2022

Parkinson’s Disease affects 10 million people worldwide and its symptoms include tremors in the fingers and hands, small handwriting, loss of smell, walking difficulties, dizziness, and others. As these symptoms worsen over time, monitoring and treating PD is crucial to preserve the patients’ autonomy and enhance their quality of life.
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Image: A virtual reality scenario in a subway: Copyright: neomento

neomento

Start-up "neomento": virtual therapy against real anxieties

21/07/2022

Berlin-based "neomento GmbH" is a developer of virtual reality scenarios for the treatment of social phobias – an umbrella term for psychiatric disorders that occur when people meet and interact with each other.
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Image: A woman works on a chip with electronic tools: Copyright: Ingebjørg Hestvik

Ingebjørg Hestvik

Getting a wireless network under the skin to talk to the brain

19/07/2022

Researchers at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) are working to develop solutions where the brain will be able to capture sensory impressions from a prosthesis, process them and use them to control movements, almost as if it were a normal hand — without having to imbed batteries and wires.
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Image: Doctor shows elderly patient with dementia geometric shape game; Copyright: davidpereiras

davidpereiras

Could a computer diagnose Alzheimer’s disease and dementia?

15/07/2022

Boston University researchers develop an artificial intelligence program that detects cognitive impairment accurately and efficiently from voice recordings.
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Image: Close-up of a woman's feet during a gait analysis: Copyright: DZNE/Louis Haagmann

DZNE/Louis Haagmann

Study investigates living situation of people with Friedreich’s Ataxia

13/07/2022

The DZNE is leading an international research consortium that will use an app to evaluate the impact of Friedreich's Ataxia on the everyday life of patients and their families.
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Image: A young man in a plaid shirt is walking up a flight of stairs: Copyright: peus80

peus80

Computer simulations show effectiveness of muscular control strategies while walking

06/07/2022

Anyone walking in the city has to adjust their gait again and again to kerbs or steps. Every person develops control strategies for the changes in muscle activity required for this, which protect them from tripping and falling accidents.
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Image: A laboratory worker performs a blood test; Copyright: seventyfourimages

seventyfourimages

Dementia: Blood levels could point to early loss of neuronal connections

01/07/2022

Researchers from DZNE and Ulm University Hospital have identified a protein in the blood that may indicate the degradation of neural connections years before the onset of dementia symptoms.
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Image: A man undergoes an X-ray examination, a doctor looks at the result of the bone density scan; Copyright: Getty

Getty

Quick, easy scan can reveal late-life dementia risk

30/06/2022

A long-term study has shown a common bone density scan can also show calcified plaque build-up in the abdominal aorta - revealing if someone is at increased risk of developing dementia.
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Image: A girl in a denim overall blows soap bubbles in a field in the summer: Copyright: Simol1407

Simol1407

Smart jumpsuit tracks infants’ motor development

24/06/2022

New wearable technology creates new possibilities for assessing the neurological development of young children. Early motor assessment is essential for supporting the early detection of neurodevelopmental problems and their therapeutic interventions.
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Image: A nurse takes care of a person with parkinson; Copyright: bialasiewicz

bialasiewicz

Prospect of blood test for Parkinson’s disease for the first time

24/06/2022

A research team at the Faculty of Medicine at Kiel University has developed a method that reliably detects protein changes in blood that are typical of Parkinson's disease.
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Image: Man during a neurological examination ; Copyright: engagestock

engagestock

Protein changes in the liquor indicate inflammatory processes in the brain

23/06/2022

Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and other neurodegenerative diseases are associated with inflammatory processes in the brain. German researchers have succeeded in identifying a group of proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid that could provide information about such inflammatory processes.
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Image: Blue-and-violet image of a blood clot; Copyright: Empa

Empa

Personalized medicine: Treatment of acute stroke

14/06/2022

A blood clot in the brain that blocks the supply of oxygen can cause an acute stroke. In this case, every minute counts. A team from Empa, the University Hospital in Geneva and the Hirslanden Clinic is currently developing a diagnostic procedure that can be used to start a tailored therapy in a timely manner, as they write in Scientific Reports.
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Image: A man is given general anesthesia; Copyright: nd3000

nd3000

Anesthesia: rhythmical deep sleep

26/05/2022

Researchers at the German Primate Center study influence of anesthetics on brain functions.
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Image: DLIR image of the aorta; Copyright: GE Healthcare

Deep Learning Image Reconstruction – what AI looks like in clinical routine

02/09/2019

Artificial intelligence is no longer a dream of the future in medicine. Many studies and initial application examples show that it sometimes achieves better results than human physicians. At Jena University Hospital, the work with AI is already lived practice. It is the first institution in the world to use algorithms in radiological routine to reconstruct CT images.
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Image: Team Capsix with KUKA robot arm and body model; Copyright: Capsix Robotics, Lyon

Capsix Robotics, Lyon

Healthy Living thanks to robotics – KUKA Innovation Award 2019

24/06/2019

Improving technology transfer from research to industry and driving robotics development - that's the idea behind the KUKA Innovation Award. This year’s topic is "Healthy Living". Applicants from around the world were tasked with creating a robot application for healthcare settings. Now, the finalists, who will showcase their innovations at the MEDICA 2019 trade fair have been selected.
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Image: Female surgeon in scrubs is standing in an MRI control room and looks at screens; Copyright: Medtronic

Medtronic

VISUALASE: epilepsy surgery with the laser catheter

11/06/2019

Epilepsy patients are currently treated with either medication or surgical options. The aim is to remove the distinct regions of the brain that cause epileptic seizures. Laser ablation for epilepsy is a new, catheter-based surgical procedure that is now also available in Europe, preventing patients from having to undergo open brain surgery.
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Bild: Mann liegt auf dem Boden, vor ihm der mobile Roboter mit Tablet; Copyright: Fraunhofer IPA

Fraunhofer IPA

MobiKa – programmed to help

22/05/2019

Many illnesses or old age require help with everyday tasks. Unfortunately, family members or caregivers aren’t always available to lend a hand. The MobiKa mobile service robot is designed to offer support, deliver motivation and improve the quality of life of those in need.
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Image: close-up of a woman lying in an MRI device; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Craig Robinson

Brain mapping: preoperative planning with functional MRI

01/04/2019

A surgery already begins before the patient is lying on the operating table – namely with the planning. For example, if brain surgery is imminent, the brain must first be mapped. This makes the activity level of certain brain areas visible. Functional magnetic resonance imaging makes this possible.
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Image: Patient during an fMRI examination; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Chris De Silver

Functional imaging: what makes the brain tick?

01/04/2019

Our brain is the command center of our body. This is where all information and impressions are collected and converted into responses and movements. Modern imaging techniques offer physicians and researchers unique insights into the actions of the human central nervous system. The functional imaging technique allows them to watch our brain in action.
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Image: CT scan open; Copyright: panthermedia.net/SimpleFoto

Functional imaging: a look at the command center

01/04/2019

All information from our body and the environment converges in our brain and is transformed into reactions in milliseconds. It is essential for medicine and research to know what our switching centre looks like. Functional methods are used to observe it more closely during work.
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Image: Man during CT examination; Copyright: panthermedia.nt/Romaset

Stroke: 4D brain perfusion accelerates treatment

01/04/2019

In an ischaemic stroke, rapid treatment is essential. In this moment good imaging data is particularly important to enable doctors to make the best possible decision for therapy. Modern CT scanners are increasingly being used to assess stroke patients because they can show the blood flow to the brain over time.
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