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Image: premature baby in an incubator; Copyright: Sharon McCutcheon/Unsplash

Machine learning tool predicts intestinal disease in premature infants

11/08/2020

Researchers from Columbia Engineering and the University of Pittsburgh have developed a sensitive and specific early warning system for predicting NEC in premature infants before the disease occurs. The prototype predicts NEC accurately and early, using stool microbiome features combined with clinical and demographic information.
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Image: sleeping baby; Copyright: PantherMedia / mschalke

Non-invasive biomarkers to diagnose infant urinary tract obstruction

24/07/2020

One in every 500 babies is born with a condition called ureteropelvic junction obstruction, an obstruction of the ureter that prevents urine from flowing from one or both of the kidneys into the bladder. Diagnosed prenatally, UPJO can cause urinary tract infections; it can also result in chronic kidney disease and an increased risk for cardiovascular disease in later life.
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Image: Electronic device that is connected to a laptop computer; Copyright: Daniel Fong, UC Davis

Non-invasive fetal oxygen monitor could make for safer deliveries

26/06/2020

A device to directly measure blood oxygen saturation in a fetus during labor has been developed by researchers at the University of California, Davis. By providing better information about the health of a fetus right before birth, the device could both reduce the rate of Cesarean sections and improve outcomes in difficult deliveries.
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Image: Preemie doll with drug delivery system on the nose; Copyright: Fraunhofer ITEM/Till Holland

Gentle medication for the little ones – with every breath

22/02/2019

According to the WHO, ten percent of babies worldwide are born prematurely. Since most organs of these tiny babies have not fully developed yet, it can quickly lead to complications and disorders and most notably affect the lungs of the premature infants. What's more, infections require gentle treatment, as the preemies themselves are fragile and susceptible – making this a challenging situation.
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