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Disinfection methods of hospital drinking water - Fully automatic legionella prevention
Medical products made of collagen - Biocompatible, elastic, stable
What endoprotheses achieve: Materials and functions of artificial joints
Sensors for safety – JUTTA supports caregivers
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03/25/2020: Coronavirus: protection thanks to intelligent disinfection
03/18//2020: Controlling the catheter with AI
03/11/2020: Joint replacement - exploring movement anew
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Insoles: AI-powered shoes unlock the secrets of your sole
Researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology have developed an AI-powered, smart insole that instantly turns any shoe into a portable gait-analysis laboratory.
Genetics: New low-cost method to reduce DNA errors
DNA only persists through replication - naturally or synthetically. While humans need the genetic material to be reproduced in order to replace old or damaged cells, the ability to replicate DNA in a laboratory setting can provide researchers insights into the mechanisms of disease or the platform to develop treatments.
Genetic screening: New CRISPR technology to target RNA viruses
New genetic screening platform using CRISPR technology for targeting thousands of genes in a massively-parallel fashion; accurate and fast method of finding best guides to detect, target, and knockdown specific RNA targets.
App detects side effect of breast cancer treatment
Some 20 percent of breast cancer survivors will suffer from lymphedema, a potentially severe side effect of treatment that makes arms swell with lymph. The disease is often overlooked, but commercially available app-based technology now makes early detection easier, allowing for proactive treatment.
AI and human knowledge for faster, better cancer diagnosis
A new system combining artificial intelligence (AI) with human knowledge promises faster and more accurate cancer diagnosis. The powerful technology, developed by a team led by engineering researchers at the University of Waterloo, uses digital images of tissue samples to match new cases of suspected cancer with previously diagnosed cases in a database.
Diagnostic tool: Rapid response coronavirus test
Hackensack Meridian Health, New Jersey's largest and most comprehensive health network, is pleased to announce that the Center for Discovery and Innovation (CDI) has created a test to dramatically reduce the time it takes for diagnosing COVID-19. This is a major advance that will benefit patients, create a more effective triage system in hospitals and better control the spread of disease.
Importance of spirometry in diagnosing COPD
A UK study of patients participating in low-dose CT lung cancer screening highlights the importance of spirometry in the assessment of possible chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and demonstrates that over-reliance on radiological changes alone may result in detection of clinically insignificant disease. The new study is published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.
Coronavirus: virtual screening for active substances
The University of Basel is part of the global search for a drug to fight the rampant coronavirus. Researchers in the Computational Pharmacy group have so far virtually tested almost 700 million substances, targeting a specific site on the virus – with the aim of inhibiting its multiplication.
VR for early detection of MS balance problems
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) often have a greatly increased risk of falling and injuring themselves even when they feel they're able to walk normally. Now a team led by scientists from the UNC School of Medicine has demonstrated what could be a relatively easy method for the early detection of such problems.
AI: blood test points to risk of weight gain and diabetes
Researchers at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in São Paulo State, Brazil, have developed a computer program that analyzes molecules in blood plasma to search for biomarkers that identify individuals who are at risk of becoming overweight and developing obesity-related diseases.
Patient-friendly brain imager gets green light toward first prototype
The National Institutes of Health has granted Sandia $6 million to build the prototype medical device that would make magnetoencephalography (MEG) - a type of noninvasive brain scan - more comfortable, more accessible and potentially more accurate.
VR device can help simulate sight loss
Published today, during World Glaucoma Week 2020, a new study demonstrates how commercially available head mounted displays (HMD) can be used to simulate the day-to-day challenges faced by people with glaucoma.
Producing human tissue in space
On 6 March at 11:50 PM EST, the International Space Station resupply mission Space X CRS-20 took off from Cape Canaveral (USA). On board: 250 test tubes from the University of Zurich containing adult human stem cells. These stem cells will develop into bone, cartilage and other organs during the month-long stay in space.
Implants: powering devices goes skin deep
Soft and flexible materials can be used to ultrasonically charge bioelectronic implants, which could help to reduce the need for surgical treatment.
Coronavirus: app for rapid at-home assessment
A coronavirus app coupled with machine intelligence will soon enable an individual to get an at-home risk assessment based on how they feel and where they've been in about a minute, and direct those deemed at risk to the nearest definitive testing facility, investigators say.
Exploring deep tissues using photoacoustic imaging
Photoacoustic imaging has gained global attention for capturing images without causing pains or using ionizing radiation. Recently, many researchers have heavily studied on observing deep tissues to apply the photoacoustic imaging to clinical diagnosis and practices.
High-tech contact lenses correct color blindness
Researchers have incorporated ultra-thin optical devices known as meta-surfaces into off-the-shelf contact lenses to correct deuteranomaly, a form of red-green color blindness. The new customizable contact lens could offer a convenient and comfortable way to help people who experience various forms of color blindness.
3D printing of tissue-like vascular structures
In a new study published today in Nature Communications, led by Professor Alvaro Mata at the University of Nottingham and Queen Mary University London, researchers have developed a way to 3D print graphene oxide with a protein which can organise into tubular structures that replicate some properties of vascular tissue.
Robot draws blood using artificial intelligence and imaging
Rutgers engineers have created a tabletop device that combines a robot, artificial intelligence and near-infrared and ultrasound imaging to draw blood or insert catheters to deliver fluids and drugs.
DNA: sequencing technique shortens diagnosis of sepsis
A report in the Journal of Molecular Diagnostics, published by Elsevier, describes a new technique that uses real-time next-generation sequencing (NGS) to analyze tiny amounts of microbial cell-free DNA in the plasma of patients with sepsis, offering the possibility of accurate diagnosis of sepsis-causing agents within a few hours of drawing blood.
Better cancer treatments with 'Optical tweezers'
Stem cells involved in replenishing human tissues and blood depend on an enzyme known as telomerase to continue working throughout our lives. When telomerase malfunctions, it can lead to both cancer and premature aging conditions. Roughly 90 percent of cancer cells require inappropriate telomerase activity to survive.
Imaging: diamond x-ray micro lens
After the synchrotrons of the fourth generation were invented (these are particle accelerators, which are, in fact, giant research facilities), there was an urgent need for a fundamentally new optics that could withstand high temperatures and radiation loads created by a powerful x-ray stream.
Exercise advice for people with spinal cord injury
A team of researchers has developed an online platform of tried and true resources to help people living with spinal cord injury (SCI) lead a more active life. Professor Kathleen Martin Ginis is the director of the Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Management based at UBC Okanagan.
App to determine risk of preterm birth
A team of researchers from the Department of Women & Children's Health, King's College London, supported by Guy's and St Thomas' Charity, the National Institute for Health Research and Tommy's have created a user-friendly mobile phone application, QUiPP v2, that will allow doctors to quickly calculate a woman's individual risk of preterm birth.
Immunology: swimming bacteria
The magnetotactic bacterium Magnetococcus marinus swims with the help of two bundles of flagella, which are thread-like structures. The bacterial cells also possess a sort of intracellular "compass needle", meaning that their movements can be controlled using a magnetic field.
Immune cells damage the integrity of the blood-brain barrier
The blood-brain barrier is a layer of cells that covers the blood vessels in the brain and regulates the entry of molecules from the blood into the brain. Increases in blood-brain barrier "permeability," or the extent to which molecules leak through, are observed in several neurological and psychiatric disorders.
Personalized medicine: putting precision oncology into practice
Rush University Medical Center is the first health care organization to launch medical record company Epic's module for genomic results, giving providers the tools they need to tailor patient care at the molecular level. Rush will use the module as part of its Precision Oncology Center to integrate the power of genomic sequencing data into oncologists' daily workflows.
Mass spectrometry for precision medicine
Research groups from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine (MDC) are joining forces with other Berlin-based partners. Pooling their experience and outstanding expertise in the field of mass spectrometry, they will form a new 'Forschungskern' or 'research core'.
Telehealth interventions associated with improved obstetric outcomes
Telehealth interventions are associated with improved obstetric outcomes, according to a review published by researchers at the George Washington University. The article, published in Obstetrics and Gynecology, presents a systematic review of studies on telehealth interventions that report health outcomes in selected areas in low-risk obstetrics, family planning, and gynecologic conditions.
AI helps predict heart attacks and stroke
Artificial intelligence has been used for the first time to instantly and accurately measure blood flow, in a study led by UCL and Barts Health NHS Trust. The results were found to be able to predict chances of death, heart attack and stroke, and can be used by doctors to help recommend treatments which could improve a patient's blood flow.
Wearables: studying sweat for diagnostics
Imagine if you could know the status of any molecule in your body without needing to get your blood drawn. Science fiction? Almost - but researchers at the University of Arizona are working on ways to do this by measuring molecules in sweat.
AI finds disease-related genes
An artificial neural network can reveal patterns in huge amounts of gene expression data and discover groups of disease-related genes. This has been shown by a new study led by researchers at Linköping University, published in Nature Communications. The scientists hope that the method can eventually be applied within precision medicine and individualized treatment.
Regenerative medicine: patch to mend a broken heart
Bioengineers from Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, have developed a prototype patch that does the same job as crucial aspects of heart tissue. Their patch withstands the mechanical demands and mimics the electrical signaling properties that allow our hearts to pump blood rhythmically round our bodies.
'Smart' bandages to heal chronic wounds
Chronic and non-healing wounds - one of the most devastating complications of diabetes and the leading cause of limb amputation - affects millions of Americans each year. Due to the complex nature of these wounds, proper clinical treatment has been limited.
Diagnostics: ceramides predict vascular brain injury and dementia
Novel blood-based biomarkers for dementia could identify disease at an early preclinical stage, serve as surrogate outcomes for clinical trials of investigational therapies and even identify future potential therapeutic targets.
Neuroimaging offers new insights on schizophrenia
What if the key to a better understanding of schizophrenia has been here all along - but researchers have not had the resources to study it? Now, thanks to the pooled data and insights from researchers around the world, USC researchers have the clearest picture yet of brain abnormalities associated with the serious mental illness that impacts 20 million people worldwide.
Smart jumpsuit provides information on infants' movement and development
A new innovation by University of Helsinki and Aalto University researchers makes it possible, for the first time, to quantitatively assess children's spontaneous movement in the natural environment.
Algorithms for identifying new 'cancer genes'
It is estimated that the number of cancer cases worldwide will double by 2040. This makes the search for genes that cause cancer even more important. A team of researchers from the University of Bern and Inselspital, University Hospital Bern, has now developed algorithms that massively simplify the hunt for "cancer genes" in a poorly understood part of our genome.
eHealth: improving tele-emergency care
Emergency medicine physicians at the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University are helping rural hospitals better treat patients by establishing tele-emergency departments.
Innovative wirelessly powered pacing system
Researchers at Texas Heart Institute (THI) and UCLA crossed a significant milestone in the development of wirelessly powered, leadless pacemakers. In an article in the Nature Research journal Scientific Reports, the team used their innovative pacing system to reveal the ability to provide synchronized biventricular pacing to a human-sized heart in a preclinical research model.
AI tool to extract cancer data in record time
Cancer is a public health crisis that afflicts nearly one in two people during their lifetime. Cancer is also an oppressively complex disease. Hundreds of cancer types affecting more than 70 organs have been recorded in the nation's cancer registries - databases of information about individual cancer cases that provide vital statistics to doctors, researchers, and policymakers.