Current interviews -- MEDICA - World Forum for Medicine

Image: A illustration of beta decay proceeding against the backdrop of a Monte Carlo simulation; Copyright: Robert Lea

Robert Lea

Modelling the use of Beta Radiation in cancer treatment

27/09/2022

A new paper pits the gold standard simulation method used to calculate the interaction of the ionizing radiation with matter and estimate the radiation dose delivered to a target organ against an alternative analytic method, the Loevinger formula.
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Image: Scientist works with medical test tube to analyze green liquid; Copyright: DC_Studio

DC_Studio

Diagnosing breast cancer through liquid biopsy

22/09/2022

Breast cancer diagnosis usually includes invasive testing with tissue biopsies. The samples have to be extracted from the cancerous tissue or cells. To make the process easier on the patients, the project LIBIMEDOTS is currently developing a different approach with liquid biopsy technology.
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Image: Brain surgeon examining a brain via 3D imaging on a monitor; Copyright: DC_Studio

DC_Studio

Project GLADIATOR - New technologies for cancer monitoring and therapy

21/09/2022

The Fraunhofer Institute for Biomedical Engineering IBMT is contributing its expertise in the field of medical biotechnology and ultrasound to an EC project to work on the next generation of theranostics for brain pathologies using autonomous externally controllable nanonetworks.
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Image: A woman in a blue tunic, Emelie Ljunggren, smiles at the camera; Copyright: Emelie Ljunggren

Emelie Ljunggren

Prostate: High-volume surgeons no better at reducing postoperative incontinence

20/09/2022

In men who have had prostate cancer surgery, urinary incontinence is a common side effect. Its frequency varies from one surgeon to the next. In a major University of Gothenburg study, the number of surgeries performed by the urology surgeon made no difference to the patients’ incontinence risk. This surprised researchers.
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Image: A woman in a blue blazer, senior author Dr. Deb Schrag, poses for the camera; Copyright: European Society for Medical Oncology

European Society for Medical Oncology

New era of early cancer detection with blood test

14/09/2022

New data supporting the accuracy of multi-cancer early detection (MCED) blood testing, have major implications for future cancer care provision.
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Image: Microscope in biotechnology laboratory with laboratory samples in the background; Copyright: ckstockphoto

ckstockphoto

Machine learning to unlock genomic code in clinical cancer samples

13/09/2022

A new paper from University of Helsinki, published in Nature Communications, suggests a method for accurately analysing genomics data in cancer archival biopsies.
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Image: Thierry Nordmann (left) & Lisa Schweizer are standing in the lab, each with a pipette in hand and a microtiter plate in front of them; Copyright: Susanne Vondenbusch-Teetz, MPI for Biochemistry

Susanne Vondenbusch-Teetz, MPI for Biochemistry

Deep Visual Proteomics: tracking down cancer

08/09/2022

Proteins are frequently called the building blocks of life because they are found everywhere, including in our cells. This makes them an important factor when it comes to diseases. As a result, mapping the protein landscape can be a crucial ally in the fight against diseases. Now, a German-Danish team has developed a method that provides researchers with unprecedented insights into cancer.
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Image: A man in a white coat, Professor Dr. Christian Kratz, poses for the camera; Copyright: Maike Isfort/MHH

Maike Isfort/MHH

Variants in BRCA1/2 and MMR genes in children with cancer

30/08/2022

An international study initiated by the Department of Paediatric Haematology and Oncology at Hannover Medical School (MHH) has now revealed that pathogenic variants in BRCA1/2 and the MMR genes may also contribute to the risk of cancer in individuals below age 18 years.
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Image: A man in a red sweater, Rytis Maskeliūnas, poses for the camera with a smile ; Copyright: Kaunas University of Technology (KTU)

Kaunas University of Technology (KTU)

Lithuanian innovation: Efficient screening of voice pathologies

30/08/2022

In cases of advanced laryngeal cancer, a complex surgery called laryngectomy is performed, when the organ vital for a person’s ability to speak is removed. Striving to improve the patient’s quality of life after laryngectomy, a team of software engineers from KTU conducted a study, during which they searched for pathologies in patients’ voices using artificial intelligence (AI).
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Image: A microscopic image of cancerous prostate tissue; Copyright: KTH Royal Institute of Technology

KTH Royal Institute of Technology

Advanced genetic screening reveals cancer coding in healthy tissue

18/08/2022

A new study offers the possibility of unmasking genetic mutations in an organ well before commonly-used screening techniques detect signs of cancer.
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Image: Closeup of a doctor examining her patient via dermatoscopy; Copyright: Satura_

Satura_

Melanoma thickness equally hard for algorithms and dermatologists to judge

17/08/2022

Assessing the thickness of melanoma is difficult, whether done by an experienced dermatologist or a well-trained machine-learning algorithm. A study from the University of Gothenburg shows that the algorithm and the dermatologists had an equal success rate in interpreting dermoscopic images.
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Image: Scientist pipettes a DNA sample into a tube; Copyright: westend61

westend61

Cancers and heart disease could be diagnosed more easily with new rapid test

12/08/2022

Imperial researchers have built a new easy-to-use test that could diagnose non-infectious diseases like heart attacks and cancers more quickly.
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Image: Close-up of a brain MRI scan result; Copyright: Rawpixel

Rawpixel

Brain tumor cells invade the brain as neuronal free riders

08/08/2022

Scientists at Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg University and the German Cancer Research Center have discovered an elementary new spreading strategy in gioblastomas, the most aggressive of all brain tumors.
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Image: A side by side comparison of moles on a patient's back (right) and the same moles as star-like targets in the astronomical software used by the MoleGazer ; Copyright: The MoleGazer Team

The MoleGazer Team

MoleGazer: Applying astronomy ideas to mole identification

21/07/2022

Scientists are applying astronomical techniques to identify moles that may develop into the skin cancer melanoma. Astronomers regularly take images of the sky, producing software to map set targets over time. This technology is now being adapted to monitor the evolution of moles in high-risk patients.
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Image: An illustration of surgical dressings show, how to prevent recurrence of melanoma ; Copyright: University of Nottingham

University of Nottingham

New material for surgical dressings against melanoma

20/07/2022

Scientists from the University of Nottingham have combined graphene oxide, elastin, and ethanol to develop a new method to make this material conductive so it can be heated to kill melanoma cells but not other cells around it.
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Image: An MRI machine in the hospital.; Copyright: ASphotostudio

ASphotostudio

New imaging technology less accurate than MRI at detecting prostate cancer

11/07/2022

A team of researchers in Australia and New Zealand has found that MRI scans can detect prostate cancer more accurately than the newer, prostate-specific -PSMA PET/CT scanning technique.
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Image: Doctor examines x-ray of a lung; Copyright: Pressmaster

Pressmaster

Lung cancer: when radiotherapy fails

11/07/2022

Some lung tumours do not respond to radiation therapy. This effect can be reversed by blocking an enzyme in the tumour cells, as Würzburg researchers report.
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Image: A man is holding to sample vials with a liquid that is glowing yellow, green and red in a darkened room; Copyright: Fraunhofer IAP

Fraunhofer IAP

Breast cancer: quick and gentle diagnosis through liquid biopsy

05/07/2022

If breast cancer is suspected, doctors carry out a biopsy. However, this is invasive, painful and costly. It also takes several days to get the results. In the future, diagnosis could be made via a liquid biopsy of a patient’s blood — a gentle, cost-effective method that would deliver the results within just a few hours.
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Image: Visualization of a miRNA expression using DNA computing and nanopore decoding; Copyright: Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology

Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology

Detection of cancer biomarkers using nanopore-based DNA computing technology

05/07/2022

Cholangiocarcinoma, also known as bile duct cancer, is a cancer type with a characteristically high mortality. At the time of diagnosis, most bile duct cancers are typically already incurable. This is why methods for the early diagnosis of bile duct cancer are urgently needed.
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Image: Radiologist prepares the patient for mammography diagnostics on the X-ray machine; Copyright: LightFieldStudios

LightFieldStudios

Breast cancer: Contrast-enhanced mammography vs. MRI

04/07/2022

Contrast-enhanced mammography (CEM) may be a useful alternative test for neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) response assessment in patients with breast cancer who are unable to undergo MRI.
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Image: Yujin Hoshida poses for the camera; Copyright: UT Southwestern Medical Center

UT Southwestern Medical Center

Blood test to predict liver cancer risk

04/07/2022

Protein levels in blood samples of patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease reveal those at highest risk who should be screened regularly for liver cancer.
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Image: Admission of practiced radiotherapy; Copyright: Philip Benjamin

Philip Benjamin

A new consortium for proton online adaptive radiation therapy

01/07/2022

A new consortium for the advancement of Proton Online Adaptive Radiation Therapy, ProtOnART, uniquely brings together researchers, clinicians, and industry.
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Image: Laboratory situation - Prof. Popp shows a young man a small object in his hand; Copyright: Leibniz-IPHT/Sven Döring

Leibniz-IPHT/Sven Döring

Tumor excision: triple imaging for unique diagnostics

08/08/2019

After their tumor has been removed, some patients have to return to the hospital to undergo surgery again. That's because the tumor was not precisely identified and was subsequently not completely removed. That's both an ethical and financial dilemma. A new surgery-adjacent procedure is designed to rapidly and accurately detect tumors.
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