Current interviews -- MEDICA - World Forum for Medicine

Image: CT image of the human thorax; Copyright: PantherMedia/stockdevil_666

Training algorithms to identify COVID-19 in CT scans

07/08/2020

As COVID-19 cases in the United States continue to surge, there is an ongoing search for quick and reliable testing. Though there are conflicting opinions on using chest computerized tomography (CT) scans as a method of screening in the United States, the technology has been successfully used to identify the disease in other parts of the world.
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Image: A ventilation bag that is connected to a machine with different meters; Copyright: University of California San Diego

Office of Naval Research helps develop ventilators in fight against COVID-19

06/08/2020

One of the most dangerous effects of coronavirus is the inability to breathe on your own - requiring the help of a ventilator to push air through your lungs. Consequently, the severity of the coronavirus pandemic has resulted in ventilator shortages, causing some hospitals to assign multiple patients to one machine, limiting effective treatment.
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Image: A child in the ICU next to a ventilator; Copyright: PantherMedia/beerkoff1

Lab profiles differentiate MIS-C from COVID-19 in children

06/08/2020

Findings show that MIS-C is a post-infectious syndrome distinct from Kawasaki disease and may help guide treatment decisions.
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Image: Monitoring monitor on the Intensive Care Unit; Copyright: PantherMedia/sudok1

In the Intensive Care Unit: smart solutions for better care

03/08/2020

In recent months, its central importance for the healthcare system has become more visible in the public eye due to the corona pandemic: the Intensive Care Unit. Patients who are in a critical condition due to illness, injury or surgery are cared for here by numerous high-tech devices. In addition, more digital solutions are being introduced.
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Image: woman in the laboratory; Copyright: RUB, Marquard

Sars-Cov-2: rapid test for the determination of antibodies

31/07/2020

To determine immunity to Sars-Cov-2 and the effectiveness of potential vaccines, the amount of neutralising antibodies in the blood of recovered or vaccinated individuals must be determined. A traditional neutralisation test usually takes two to three days and must be carried out with infectious coronaviruses in a laboratory complying to biosafety level 3.
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Image: Man with protective gear puts something into a big canister; Copyright: University of Missouri

Disinfection: 'corny' solution fights the spread of the novel coronavirus

28/07/2020

Inside the Mizzou Asphalt Pavement and Innovation Lab at University of Missouri College of Engineering, Bill Buttlar normally leads a research team developing innovative ways to build better roads and stronger bridges. However, he's recently converted his lab to also produce an ethanol-based hand sanitizer for use during the COVID-19 pandemic to help with the increase in demand for the product.
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Image: woman with face mask holding a smartphone with the corona tracking app; Copyright: PantherMedia/Arne Trautmann

Coronavirus: tracking symptoms with app an inexact predictor of infection

28/07/2020

A new piece in Family Practice, published by Oxford University Press, indicates that tracking symptoms affiliated with the novel coronavirus through an app may not be a good predictor of the spread of the disease.
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Image: detail of the new endoscopic device with protection against COVID-19; Copyright: Hiroyuki Endo

Endoscopy: new device provides added protection against COVID-19

27/07/2020

The COVID-19 pandemic has thrown up unimaginable challenges for healthcare workers. Even simple outpatient procedures such as endoscopies can expose staff to the risk of infection. However, a team of researchers has developed a simple, disposable, and inexpensive device to provide an additional barrier of protection for healthcare workers performing esophagogastroduodenoscopies (EGD).
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Image: A white medical face mask is coming out of a production line; Copyright: Fraunhofer IPT

Personal protective equipment: ramping up medical mask production to 50,000 pieces per day

22/07/2020

Necessity is the mother of invention: While many companies have been hit hard by the coronavirus pandemic, some were able to find the hidden business opportunities the unique situation has created. One example of how companies can benefit from the Covid-19 crisis is the production of medical protective gear.
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Image: Two physicians standing next to a medical device in a hospital room; Copyright: Manuela Janke/UMG

First COVID-19 Patient in Germany treated with novel Diaphragm Therapy

17/07/2020

Department B for Internal Medicine of the University Medical Center Greifswald successfully used, within an international multi-center trial, a special diaphragmatic stimulation therapy to treat a COVID-19 patient as the first clinical site in Europe.
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Image: A female nurse is using hand disinfectant; Copyright: PantherMedia/karrastock.gmail.com

Developing disinfectant from plant waste

16/07/2020

It is supposed to be more effective than previous products, more widely applicable and it will be obtained from plant waste such as coffee, quince or rhododendrons: researchers at Jacobs University Bremen aim to develop a new disinfectant in cooperation with the Bremen companies "ProPure – Protect" and "Just in Air".
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Image: Colored and computer-generated images of tthe two lungs; Copyright: American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR)

CT of COVID-19 versus CT of influenza virus pneumonia

15/07/2020

An open-access American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) article investigating the differences in CT findings between coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pneumonia and influenza virus pneumonia found that most lesions from COVID-19 were located in the peripheral zone and close to the pleura, whereas influenza virus was more prone to show mucoid impaction and pleural effusion.
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Image: Picture collage of a silicone rubber face mask with filters; Copyright: MIT/Brigham and Women's Hospital

Engineers design a reusable, silicone rubber face mask

14/07/2020

Researchers at MIT and Brigham and Women's Hospital have designed a new face mask that they believe could stop viral particles as effectively as N95 masks. Unlike N95 masks, the new masks were designed to be easily sterilized and used many times.
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Image: Facemasks of different shape, color and material; Copyright: PantherMedia/Maridav (YAYMicro)

Masks: the best (and worst) materials

13/07/2020

It is intuitive and scientifically shown that wearing a face covering can help reduce the spread of the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19. But not all masks are created equal, according to new University of Arizona-led research.
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Image: A man is opening and repairing a wall-mounted air condition device; Copyright: PantherMedia/VadimVasenin

Researchers create air filter that can kill the coronavirus

13/07/2020

Researchers from the University of Houston, in collaboration with others, have designed a "catch and kill" air filter that can trap the virus responsible for COVID-19, killing it instantly.
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Image: elderly man holding his smartphone while making a voice message; Copyright: PantherMedia/lakshmiprasad (YAYMicro)

COVID-19: chatbots can ease medical providers' burden

09/07/2020

COVID-19 has placed tremendous pressure on health care systems, not only for critical care but also from an anxious public looking for answers. Research found that chatbots – software applications that conduct online chats via text or text-to-speech – working for reputable organizations can ease the burden on medical providers and offer trusted guidance to those with symptoms.
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Image: Two people wearing protective suits stand next to a workbench in a laboratory; Copyright: Fraunhofer IBMT/Foto Bernd Müller

epiLab: Coronavirus testing in the mobile safety laboratory

08/07/2020

A key to preventing SARS-CoV-2 spread is frequent, comprehensive testing. This allows the early detection of infections and helps break the chain of infection. It always comes down to Coronavirus testing capacity. In Germany's southwest state of Saarland, the mobile epiLab (epidemiological laboratory) supports the search for infections lurking in nursing homes and long-term care facilities.
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Image: three persons around a computer showing a video call with a physician and radiological images of a chest; Copyright: PantherMedia/DragonImages

Telehealth: important tool for rural hospitals in treating COVID-19

06/07/2020

Rural hospitals are more likely than urban facilities to have access to telehealth, a once-underused service that now is playing a key role in treating coronavirus patients, according to research by two health administration professors in Florida Atlantic University's College of Business.
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Image: graphic of cell membrane on a chip; Copyright: Susan Daniel/Cornell University

Cell membrane on a chip to speed up screening of drug candidates for COVID-19

06/07/2020

Researchers have developed a human cell 'membrane on a chip' that allows continuous monitoring of how drugs and infectious agents interact with our cells, and may soon be used to test potential drug candidates for COVID-19.
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Image: Man working in a laboratory; Copyright: Cedars-Sinai

COVID-19: virus can infect heart cells in lab dish

03/07/2020

A new study shows that SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, can infect heart cells in a lab dish, indicating it may be possible for heart cells in COVID-19 patients to be directly infected by the virus. The discovery, published today in the journal Cell Reports Medicine, was made using heart muscle cells that were produced by stem cell technology.
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Image: 'Mini-brain' bioengineered from human stem cells; Copyright: Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT), Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Organoids suggest COVID-19 virus can infect human brain cells

02/07/2020

A multidisciplinary team from two Johns Hopkins University institutions, including neurotoxicologists and virologists from the Bloomberg School of Public Health and infectious disease specialists from the school of medicine, has found that organoids known as "mini-brains" can be infected by the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19.
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Image: point-of-care diagnostic system; Copyright: NUS Institute for Health Innovation & Technology

Portable COVID-19 diagnostic system for rapid on-site testing

29/06/2020

COVID-19 screening can soon be conducted directly at various testing stations, and patients can get their test results in about an hour from the time they get a nasal swab. A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed a portable COVID-19 micro-PCR diagnostic system that enables rapid and accurate on-site screening of infectious diseases.
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Image: A female researcher in a protectic suit is working at a laboratory safety bench; Copyright: Sierra Downs, courtesy of the Griffiths Lab/BU NEIDL

Tiny decoy sponges attract coronavirus away from lung cells

25/06/2020

Imagine if scientists could stop the coronavirus infection in its tracks simply by diverting its attention away from living lung cells? A new therapeutic countermeasure, announced in a Nano Letters study by researchers from Boston University's National Emerging Infectious Diseases Laboratories (NEIDL) and the University of California San Diego, appears to do just that in experiments.
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Image: Two gloved hands are holding a vial of blood with the label

Biomarkers show clear signs of brain injury with severe COVID-19

23/06/2020

Certain patients who receive hospital care for coronavirus infection (COVID-19) exhibit clinical and neurochemical signs of brain injury, a University of Gothenburg study shows. In even moderate COVID-19 cases, finding and measuring a blood-based biomarker for brain damage proved to be possible.
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Image: man running in a lane on a sports field; Copyright: PantherMedia/stetsik

A Safe Return to Sports amid the COVID-19 Pandemic

22/06/2020

After professional sports and other sporting activities had been drastically limited to prevent COVID-19 spread, training facilities are now reopening to welcome recreational and competitive athletes. However, due to the ongoing pandemic, restrictions are still in place to lower the risk of human infection. EFSMA presents recommendations on a uniform approach to keeping athletes safe.
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Image: Paul McCray and Stanley Perlman in their laboratory; Copyright: University of Iowa Health Care

Off-the-shelf tool for making mouse models of COVID-19

19/06/2020

Until there are effective treatments or vaccines, the COVID-19 pandemic will remain a significant threat to public health and economies around the world. A major hurdle to developing and testing new anti-viral therapies and vaccines for COVID-19 is the lack of good, widely available animal models of the disease.
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Image: symbolic abstract image for Big Data; Copyright: National Center for Translational Sciences

Analytics platform to harness COVID-19 patient data

17/06/2020

The National Institutes of Health has launched a centralized, secure enclave to store and study vast amounts of medical record data from people diagnosed with coronavirus disease across the country. It is part of an effort, called the National COVID Cohort Collaborative (N3C), to help scientists analyze these data to understand the disease and develop treatments.
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Image: health care workers with elastomeric masks; Copyright: Highmark Health

Elastomeric masks more durable and less costly option

15/06/2020

A cost-effective strategy for health care systems to offset N95 mask shortages due to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is to switch to reusable elastomeric respirator masks, according to new study results. These long-lasting masks, often used in industry and construction, cost at least 10 times less per month than disinfecting and reusing N95 masks meant to be for single use.
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Image: graphic depiction of tracked network of people; Copyright: @UPV

Bluetooth technology to detect COVID-19 cases through smartphone

10/06/2020

Today, the tracing is done by hand and this work is slow and inaccurate. Technology can be highly useful: contact tracing with smartphones and smartclocks help find out who has been in contact with an infected person, thanks to the use of localization and communication technologies, such as GPS, cell phone networks, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth," explains Enrique Hernández Orallo.
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Image: hospital ward room with two beds; Copyright: panthermedia.net/michael jung

Virus DNA spread across surfaces in hospital over 10 hours

09/06/2020

Virus DNA left on a hospital bed rail was found in nearly half of all sites sampled across a ward within 10 hours and persisted for at least five days, according to a new study by UCL and Great Ormond Street Hospital. The study, published as a letter in the Journal of Hospital Infection, aimed to safely simulate how SARS-CoV-2, may spread across surfaces in a hospital.
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Image: graphic depiction of virus cell in the lungs; Copyright: ATS

COVID-19: reducing severe breathlessness and psychological trauma

08/06/2020

A new paper published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society examines ventilation and medication strategies that can help avoid psychological trauma for severe COVID-19 survivors treated for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with mechanical ventilation.
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Image: A computer-generated image of a blue device; Copyright: POLI-USP

Brazilian researchers develop low-cost mechanical ventilators

03/06/2020

A group of researchers at the University of São Paulo's Engineering School (POLI-USP) in Brazil have developed a mechanical ventilator that costs only approximately 7% as much as a conventional ventilator. Called Inspire, it has an open patent allowing royalty-free manufacturing, although as a life support device, its distribution is controlled.
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Image: An older man in a suit is showing a small black object in a petri dish; Copyright: Joseph Fuqua II/UC Creative + Brand

Reusable face mask could be answer to PPE shortfall

02/06/2020

Engineers at the University of Cincinnati are using a National Science Foundation grant to develop a face mask that can be sterilized with heat for re-use.
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Image: Blurred image of a child that is pushed into a CT; Copyright: PantherMedia/Jayjaynaenae

CT findings of COVID-19 in children 'often negative'

02/06/2020

Largest case series (n=30) to date yields high frequency (77%) of negative chest CT findings among pediatric patients (10 months-18 years) with COVID-19, while also suggesting common findings in subset of children with positive CT findings.
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Image: A plastic bag is filled with a transparent fluid; Copyright: Johns Hopkins Medicine

New method to make kidney dialysis fluid for patients with COVID-19

01/06/2020

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has severely impacted the manufacturing and supply chains for many products. But while shortages of toilet paper, disinfectant cleaners and hand sanitizer get most of the news coverage, the diminishing reserve of one item - kidney dialysis fluid, also known as dialysate - presents a grave threat to the lives of people with acute kidney injury (AKI).
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Image: particles from a simple breath test behind a petri dish with chips ins it; Copyright: Ben-Gurion University

One minute electro-optical coronavirus test

29/05/2020

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev's Prof. Gabby Sarusi has developed a one-minute electro-optical test of nose, throat or breath samples that will identify both asymptomatic and affected carriers of the COVID-19 virus in under one minute with greater than 90 percent accuracy.
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Image: Prototype of the UVC LED irradiation system; Copyright: FBH/P. Immerz

Fighting hospital germs with UVC light-emitting diodes

26/05/2020

According to the RKI, 400,000 to 600,000 infections with hospital germs occur in Germany every year – about 10,000 to 20,000 people die from them. Since MDR pathogens often cannot be treated with antibiotics, alternative approaches are needed. One promising physical principle is irradiation with UVC light, which can be used to destroy microorganisms without allowing resistances to develop.
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Image: smartphone in ophthalmological use in India; Copyright: Universität Bonn/Sankara Eye Foundation

mHealth: inexpensive retinal diagnostics via smartphone

26/05/2020

Retinal damage due to diabetes is now considered the most common cause of blindness in working-age adults. In low- and middle-income countries, an eye examination via smartphone could help to detect changes at an early stage. This is shown by a new study carried out by scientists from the University of Bonn together with colleagues from Sankara Eye Hospital Bangalore (India).
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Image: graphic of pathogens; Copyright: Arek Socha / Pixabay

Hygiene: nano technologies to tackle infection

25/05/2020

Next-gen nano technologies that can prevent infection and diagnose disease are set to transform the medical industry as this important UniSA research is awarded more than $2 million dollars under the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) 2021 Investigator Grants.
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Image: small portable device next to tennis ball; Copyright: Nishiyama K. et al., Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical. April 21, 2020

COVID-19: technology can detect anti-virus antibody in 20 minutes

25/05/2020

Researchers have succeeded in detecting anti-avian influenza virus antibody in blood serum within 20 minutes, using a portable analyzer they have developed to conduct rapid on-site bio tests. If a suitable reagent is developed, this technology could be used to detect antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, the causative virus of COVID-19.
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Image: Doctor holding a radiology image; Copyright: PantherMedia / pressmaster

COVID-19: Teleradiology enables social distancing

22/05/2020

Remote reading of imaging studies on home PACS workstations can contribute to social distancing, protect vulnerable radiologists and others in the hospital, and ensure seamless interpretation capabilities in emergency scenarios, according to an open-access article published ahead-of-print by the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR).
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Image: Man is holding an x-ray of the lungs in front of his chest; Copyright: PantherMedia/Jakub Jirsak

COVID-19: low-dose radiographs could reveal lung changes

14/05/2020

Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed an innovative x-ray method for lung diagnostics, which they now plan to test in one of its first applications for diagnosis of the respiratory ailment Covid-19 caused by Coronavirus.
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Image: Physician in white scrubs standing next to a medical device - Dr. Chris McIntyre; Copyright: Lawson Health Research Institute

Canadian team first in world to treat COVID-19 with specialized dialysis

13/05/2020

As part of a randomized controlled trial, a team from Lawson Health Research Institute is the first in the world to treat a patient with COVID-19 using a modified dialysis device. The device gently removes a patient's blood, modifies white blood cells and returns them to fight hyperinflammation. It is being tested with critically ill patients at London Health Sciences Centre (LHSC).
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Image: A gloved hand holds a cup with an urine sample; Copyright: PantherMedia/belchonok

COVID-19: kidney inflammation as early warning sign for severe course

13/05/2020

Scientists from the University Medical Center Goettingen develop a conceivable course of action for patients with COVID-19 infections to predict severity of systemic disease and complications. Published online in The Lancet.
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Image: An electronic component with a cable and a light; Copyright: Massood Tabib-Azar/University of Utah College of Engineering

Portable, reusable test for COVID-19

12/05/2020

University of Utah engineer is developing a fast, reusable test for COVID-19 that works with cellphones.
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Image: A mechanical ventilator bag with a control device; Copyright: Mechanical Ventilator Milano

Physicists design FDA-approved, open-source ventilator

11/05/2020

As the spread of COVID-19 sparked a global search for ventilators to help critically ill patients, an international collaboration of particle physicists and engineers pivoted to design a mechanical ventilator made from readily available components.
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Image: grafic depiction of a brain with burst blood vessels; Copyright: PantherMedia/artemida psy

Day against Stroke 2020

10/05/2020

This year on 10.05.2020 the Day Against Stroke is being celebrated under the title "The digital helpers are coming!". A stroke is still one of the most frequent causes of death. Every year, around 270,000 people suffer a stroke in Germany alone.
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Image: Preview picture of video

In the intensive care unit: Together against COVID-19

27/04/2020

The coronavirus is pushing healthcare systems worldwide to their limits. The number of infections continues to rise – and with it the number of people who need intensive medical treatment and artificial respiration. However, the number of ventilators is limited. Solutions to support intensive care units are needed – quickly. We have taken a closer look at some of them.
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Image: Smiling man is standing in nature with one had at his ear; Copyright: panthermedia.net/cristalov

In-ear sensors for monitoring vital parameters

22/04/2020

Wearables offer practical solutions for the flexible measurement of data. The sensor from cosinuss° is worn directly in the ear and offers a precise monitoring of vital parameters.
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Image: UV Visual Lift; Copyright: by UVentions

Hygiene: Smart protection against pathogens like the coronavirus

23/03/2020

Germs such as bacteria, viruses or pathogenic fungi can spread from one person to another through direct contact when we shake hands or touch objects. People touch door handles and push elevator buttons in public places and constantly move in and out of spaces. Regular manual high-level disinfection is practically impossible. UVentions GmbH has found an intelligent solution for this problem.
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