In 2005, more than 512,000 injuries related to basketball were treated at hospital emergency rooms in the U.S. “So before people run to the basketball court, they need to take steps to reduce their injury risk,” said Dr. Pietro Tonino, director, division of sports medicine at Loyola University Health System, Maywood, Ill.
“Bicycles ranked second highest with 485,000 injuries, followed by football with 418,000 injuries,” said Tonino, assistant professor of orthopaedic surgery, department of orthopaedic surgery and rehabilitation, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Ill. “Soccer came in fourth at 174,000 injuries.
“Athletes, youngsters and weekend warriors alike can wind up in hospital emergency rooms for injuries related to these sports,” said Tonino, who analysed new data from the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) and compiled a list of the sports with the greatest number of injuries treated at hospital emergency rooms:
“The NBA finals and the World Cup games may inspire people to try a new sport,” said Tonino. “But before they do, people need proper training and conditioning to reduce their injury risk.” Many injuries can be prevented, according to Tonino, by wearing protective gear, knowing and playing by the rules of the game and being physically fit.
One of the most common knee injuries in sports is a non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Seventy percent of ACL injuries are non-contact; the other 30 percent result from collision with a person or an object. “The ACL can be torn or sprained in sports where the athlete twists, jumps, lands, pivots or suddenly stops,” said Tonino. “Such sports include basketball, soccer, football, volleyball, running and skiing. Females are two- to eight times more likely than males to sustain an ACL injury. In contrast to males, females tend to land from a jump with their knees locked, which puts added pressure on the knee,” said Tonino.
MEDICA.de; Source: Loyola University Health System