Background Reports 2021 -- MEDICA - World Forum for Medicine

Bild: An Endoscope in an automated endoscope cleaner; Copyright: Aston University

Aston University

Fighting antimicrobial resistance with world-first automated endoscope cleaner

06/12/2022

Aston University and Partnership Medical (PML) have completed a Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP), resulting in the development of a revolutionary automated system for the high-level cleaning of endoscopes.
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Image: Close up of three drill bits on gray background , Copyright: Empa

Empa

Sensitive drills for cochlear implants

05/12/2022

Hearing-impaired people whose auditory nerve is still intact can often be helped with a cochlear implant. But inserting the implant into the inner ear is not without risks, as facial nerves can be damaged in the process. Empa researchers have developed a novel smart drill that minimizes the risk by automatically shutting off when it comes near nerves.
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Bild: A man with brown hair, Dr. Dr. René Hägerling, poses for the camera; Copyright: BIH/David Ausserhofer

BIH/David Ausserhofer

ERC Starting Grant: Why do blood and lymphatic vessels grow unchecked?

02/12/2022

Anomalies in the formation of blood and lymphatic vessels are, thankfully, rare. Those who do have them face a lifetime of complications that can range from the mild to the life-threatening. To date, little is known about the causes, which means the diagnostic and treatment options are very limited. René Hägerling of the BIH Center for Regenerative Therapies has made it his mission to remedy this.
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Image: Looking at a neuropathological large slice preparation (from left): Prof. Dr. Albert Becker, Dr. Juri-Alexander Witt and Annika Reimers in the Institute; Copyright: Barbara Frommann/University

Barbara Frommann/University of Bonn

Unexpected cognitive deteriorations in epilepsy

29/11/2022

In severe epilepsies, surgical intervention is often the only remedy - usually with great success. While neuropsychological performance can recover in the long term after successful surgery, on rare occasions, unexpected declines in cognitive performance occur. Researchers at the University of Bonn have now been able to show which patients are at particularly high risk for this.
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Image: Medical team, three women, discussing results of X-ray or MRI scan of patient's brain in clinic medical office; Copyright: FoToArtist_1

FoToArtist_1

Warmer brain-irrigation fluid in surgery more efficacious

25/11/2022

A simple method can halve the number of repeat operations to remedy bleeding under the cranium, a study at the University of Gothenburg shows. The method is based on replacing irrigation fluid at room temperature with fluid at body temperature.
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Image: Two men and three women in white coats pose for the camera in a laboratory; Copyright: Tel Aviv University

Tel Aviv University

Ultrasound and nanobubbles allow cancerous tumors to be destroyed

23/11/2022

A new technology developed at Tel Aviv University makes it possible to destroy cancerous tumors in a targeted manner, via a combination of ultrasound and the injection of nanobubbles into the bloodstream.
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Image: Hands holding a tablet with MRI scans of the brain; Copyright: Nikita_Karchevskyi

Nikita_Karchevskyi

Tumors: forecasting the risks of brain surgery

22/11/2022

Can surgeons quantify the risk of aphasia when removing a brain tumor? To find out, researchers at Klinikum rechts der Isar of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are analyzing the brain as a network. In a current study with 60 patients, they already achieved an accuracy rate with three quarters of their predictions.
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Image: A diamond mounted in an apparatus is illuminated with a green laser; Copyright: Arne Wickenbrock, JGU

Arne Wickenbrock, JGU

Using quantum sensor technology to improve brain tumor operations

21/11/2022

Quantum technology on its way into society: Joint project DiaQNOS to develop quantum sensors to improve brain tumor surgery.
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Bild: Close-up coatings of different biopolymers applied to demonstrators of molybdenum pacing leads; Copyright: Fraunhofer IFAM Dresden

Fraunhofer IFAM Dresden

Reduced risk after cardiac surgery thanks to resorbable pacing leads

09/11/2022

A team of researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM in Dresden is developing resorbable pacing leads that can significantly reduce risk factors after cardiac surgery.
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Image: Miniaturized and robust pump laser module for ophthalmology; Copyright: FBH/P. Immerz

FBH/P. Immerz

Ophthalmology: miniaturized pump laser modules for more cost-effective systems

03/11/2022

Scientists at the Berlin-based Ferdinand-Braun-Institut (FBH) have developed prototypes of miniaturized and robust laser modules for ophthalmology.
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Image: Woman in medical hospital examines a x-ray screening image of the skull, Copyright: stevanovicigor

stevanovicigor

Flexible, steerable device placed in live brains by minimally invasive robot

31/10/2022

The early-stage research tested the delivery and safety of the new implantable catheter design in two sheep to determine its potential for use in diagnosing and treating diseases in the brain.
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Bild: Close up of open heart bypass surgery in operating room; Copyright: hotovs

hotovs

Solution to avoid postoperative bleeding in heart surgery

18/10/2022

Intending to find molecular signatures that could inform the prognosis, researchers from the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência (IGC) studied blood samples from 33 patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery in the cardiothoracic surgery department of the Hospital de Santa Maria, in Lisbon.
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Image: Gynecologist shows picture with uterus to young patient and explains features; Copyright: RossHelen

RossHelen

Easy-to-use-tool predicts risk of complications from hysterectomy

11/10/2022

Researchers have developed easy-to-use online prediction tools that provide personalized risk estimates for patients undergoing hysterectomy for benign disease.
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Image: A woman in a blue tunic, Emelie Ljunggren, smiles at the camera; Copyright: Emelie Ljunggren

Emelie Ljunggren

Prostate: High-volume surgeons no better at reducing postoperative incontinence

20/09/2022

In men who have had prostate cancer surgery, urinary incontinence is a common side effect. Its frequency varies from one surgeon to the next. In a major University of Gothenburg study, the number of surgeries performed by the urology surgeon made no difference to the patients’ incontinence risk. This surprised researchers.
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Image: Two screens with picture of the circulatory system in a catheter laboratory; Copyright: panthermedia.net/sudok1

MEDICA TECH FORUM: light-based imaging technique OCT

04/11/2019

Since its inception, MEDICA TECH FORUM has focused on the implementation of innovations and new technologies into clinical practice. 2019 marks the tenth year of the Forum. In honor of its anniversary, we will brighten things up a bit, as one of the focal points will highlight how optical coherence tomography (OCT) uses light to produce images.
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Image: Participants of the German Medical Award 2018; Copyright: German Medical Award

German Medical Award

German Medical Award 2019 celebrates the future of (patient) care

22/08/2019

The German Medical Award will take place on November 18, 2019, as part of the MEDICA trade fair in Düsseldorf. The ceremony emphasizes the commitment to excellence in cutting-edge care for patients. Doctors, clinical centers and companies in the medical and healthcare industry can demonstrate their achievements in medicine and management in hopes of receiving the coveted award.
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Image: Laboratory situation - Prof. Popp shows a young man a small object in his hand; Copyright: Leibniz-IPHT/Sven Döring

Leibniz-IPHT/Sven Döring

Tumor excision: triple imaging for unique diagnostics

08/08/2019

After their tumor has been removed, some patients have to return to the hospital to undergo surgery again. That's because the tumor was not precisely identified and was subsequently not completely removed. That's both an ethical and financial dilemma. A new surgery-adjacent procedure is designed to rapidly and accurately detect tumors.
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Image: A physician wearing VR glasses. An image of the human heart floats in front of him in the air; Copyright: apoQlar

apoQlar

Virtual Surgical Intelligence: Microsoft Hololens in the OR

22/07/2019

Modern imaging opens news doors to surgeries. Yet it also poses major problems for surgeons: They use two-dimensional images to navigate through a three-dimensional surgical environment, while they continuously have to switch their focus back and forth between the images and the patient. Now help is on the way in the form of interactive 3D projections and mixed reality (MR).
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Image: Team Capsix with KUKA robot arm and body model; Copyright: Capsix Robotics, Lyon

Capsix Robotics, Lyon

Healthy Living thanks to robotics – KUKA Innovation Award 2019

24/06/2019

Improving technology transfer from research to industry and driving robotics development - that's the idea behind the KUKA Innovation Award. This year’s topic is "Healthy Living". Applicants from around the world were tasked with creating a robot application for healthcare settings. Now, the finalists, who will showcase their innovations at the MEDICA 2019 trade fair have been selected.
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Image: Female surgeon in scrubs is standing in an MRI control room and looks at screens; Copyright: Medtronic

Medtronic

VISUALASE: epilepsy surgery with the laser catheter

11/06/2019

Epilepsy patients are currently treated with either medication or surgical options. The aim is to remove the distinct regions of the brain that cause epileptic seizures. Laser ablation for epilepsy is a new, catheter-based surgical procedure that is now also available in Europe, preventing patients from having to undergo open brain surgery.
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Image: close-up of a woman lying in an MRI device; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Craig Robinson

Brain mapping: preoperative planning with functional MRI

01/04/2019

A surgery already begins before the patient is lying on the operating table – namely with the planning. For example, if brain surgery is imminent, the brain must first be mapped. This makes the activity level of certain brain areas visible. Functional magnetic resonance imaging makes this possible.
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Image: Leg implants; Copyright: panthermedia.net/ monstArrr

panthermedia.net/ monstArrr

Orthopedic implant: More comfortable thanks to full weight-bearing capacity

08/03/2019

Orthopedic implants – they are a necessity when it comes to congenital or acquired limb length discrepancies. However, full weight-bearing during the limb lengthening process is not feasible with previous implant models. For the first time, the 3D Surgery division at the Medical Center of the University of Munich has succeeded in using an implant that facilitates immediate weight-bearing.
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