Background Reports 2020 -- MEDICA - World Forum for Medicine

Bild: A man with brown hair, Dr. Dr. René Hägerling, poses for the camera; Copyright: BIH/David Ausserhofer

BIH/David Ausserhofer

ERC Starting Grant: Why do blood and lymphatic vessels grow unchecked?

02/12/2022

Anomalies in the formation of blood and lymphatic vessels are, thankfully, rare. Those who do have them face a lifetime of complications that can range from the mild to the life-threatening. To date, little is known about the causes, which means the diagnostic and treatment options are very limited. René Hägerling of the BIH Center for Regenerative Therapies has made it his mission to remedy this.
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Image: A hand-held smartphone is presented in a duplicated manner. The screens show the interface of the Smart in OAC app, Copyright: AFNET

AFNET

Abnormal heartbeat identified in 1 in 20 older adults with wearable and smartphone

30/11/2022

A study offered smartphone and wearable-based continuous arrhythmia screening to older adults without known atrial fibrillation. Atrial arrhythmia was detected in five percent of the participants.
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Bild: Close-up coatings of different biopolymers applied to demonstrators of molybdenum pacing leads; Copyright: Fraunhofer IFAM Dresden

Fraunhofer IFAM Dresden

Reduced risk after cardiac surgery thanks to resorbable pacing leads

09/11/2022

A team of researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM in Dresden is developing resorbable pacing leads that can significantly reduce risk factors after cardiac surgery.
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Bild: Laboratory technician examines blood samples in test tubes to detect pathologies; Copyright: prostooleh

prostooleh

New troponin test improves heart attack diagnostics

07/11/2022

A new test has been developed in Turku, Finland, that helps in separating heart attack patients from those whose cardiac troponin values are elevated due to renal insufficiency.
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Image: Scientists in white protective suits and masks work in the laboratory; Copyright: imagesourcecurated

imagesourcecurated

Newly identified biomarkers could revolutionize heart failure diagnosis

04/11/2022

Researchers at the University of Oslo have identified specific groups of biomarkers that could differentiate between types of heart failure. The possible future benefit for patients is the identification of type of heart failure trough a simple blood test.
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Bild: Close-up of how a patient gets electrodes attached to the upper body; Copyright: Zinkevych_D

Zinkevych_D

Atrial fibrillation: Early rhythm control reduces cardiovascular outcomes

02/11/2022

Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and a history of stroke are at high risk of recurrent stroke and cardiovascular complications. A subgroup analysis of the EAST – AFNET 4 trial showed: Early rhythm control therapy is safe and particularly effective in this vulnerable patient group.
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Bild: Four men with glasses are standing at the device for high-precision radiation; Copyright: Karin Kaiser / MHH.

Karin Kaiser / MHH.

Radiation against cardiac arrhythmias

24/10/2022

At the Hannover Medical School (MHH), radiation is now being used to help patients with cardiac arrhythmias. High-precision radiation from linear accelerators is used to treat the exact spot in the heart muscle that is responsible for the arrhythmia. The procedure is relatively new and is only carried out in a few clinics in Germany.
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Image: Two men posing, José Näf and Michel Schmid with the textile-based electrodes for long-term ECGs in their laboratory; Copyright: Marlies Thurnheer / Empa

Marlies Thurnheer / Empa

Textile electrodes for medtech applications

19/10/2022

Nahtlos, an Empa spin-off, has received 1 million Swiss francs in a first round of financing from a network of business angels from Switzerland and Liechtenstein and from the Startfeld Foundation. With this funding, Nahtlos aims to drive the market entry of its newly developed textile-based electrode for medical applications.
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Bild: Close up of open heart bypass surgery in operating room; Copyright: hotovs

hotovs

Solution to avoid postoperative bleeding in heart surgery

18/10/2022

Intending to find molecular signatures that could inform the prognosis, researchers from the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência (IGC) studied blood samples from 33 patients undergoing heart valve replacement surgery in the cardiothoracic surgery department of the Hospital de Santa Maria, in Lisbon.
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Image: An elderly person is fitted with a modern hearing aid; Copyright: halfpoint

halfpoint

Novel sensor system with AI-driven biomarkers for patients with heart failure

07/10/2022

UNISONO aims to develop a novel system combining an ear-worn sensor with speech recognition.
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Image: Dipl.-Ing. Ronald Reich, Managing Director of NovaPump GmbH; Copyright: Fr. Nürnberger / Erfurt (Germany)

Fr. Nürnberger / Erfurt (Germany)

Research with heart saves human lives

04/10/2022

Researchers and entrepreneurs from Jena are winning hearts – literally. Together with the start-up NovaPump from Jena and the Jena University Hospital, the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering IOF has developed innovative heart valves and pumps.
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Bild: Group photograph of Nimble Diagnostics representatives, 13 male and female persons; Copyright: Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya

Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya

Start-up to monitor stents using microwave technology

22/09/2022

Nimble Diagnostics is a spin-off that develops microwave-based technology to monitor stents implanted in patients with cardiovascular, vascular, renal or lung disease.
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Image: A cardiologist looks after a study participant during an MRI scan; Copyright: Uwe Dettmar

Uwe Dettmar

Long COVID: persistent heart inflammation might explain heart symptoms

15/09/2022

The research team led by Dr Valentina Puntmann and Professor Eike Nagel from University Hospital Frankfurt and Goethe University Frankfurt followed up around 350 study participants without previously known heart problems who had recovered from a SARS-CoV-2 infection.
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Bild: Two men in lab coats, Dr. Robert Zweigerdt and Professor Dr. Ulrich Martin, talk in the laboratory on equipment for biotechnology; Copyright: Karin Kaiser / MHH

Karin Kaiser / MHH

New cells for the diseased heart

13/09/2022

EU funds research project on cell-based heart repair with 6.1 million euros.
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Bild: Elderly woman sitting on the bed and having a heart problem, she is holding her chest in pain; Copyright: Rawpixel

Rawpixel

AI improves treatment in women with heart attacks

07/09/2022

Heart attacks in women are more likely to be fatal than in men. The reasons are differences in age and in comorbidity burden which makes risk assessment in women a challenge. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now developed a novel artificial-intelligence-based risk score that improves personalized care for female patients with heart attacks.
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Bild: Attached ECG electrodes to a male patient; Copyright: nunezimage

nunezimage

Attaining sinus rhythm mediates improved outcomes with atrial fibrillation

07/09/2022

A mediator analysis of the EAST – AFNET 4 trial dataset revealed the key factor for the effectiveness of early rhythm control (ERC) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF): The presence of sinus rhythm at 12 months after randomization explains 81% of the outcome-reducing effect of ERC.
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Image: Blood sample labelled

panthermedia.net/olanstock

Cardiac diagnostics – prompt and personalized

08/11/2019

If physicians suspect an acute myocardial infarction, they first order an ECG. This test is very established and allows cardiologists to quickly diagnose acute heart attacks – though the test does not detect less common heart attack symptoms. So far, those patients had to wait up to twelve hours before a heart attack could be accurately diagnosed or ruled out. But things are about the change.
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Image: Two screens with picture of the circulatory system in a catheter laboratory; Copyright: panthermedia.net/sudok1

MEDICA TECH FORUM: light-based imaging technique OCT

04/11/2019

Since its inception, MEDICA TECH FORUM has focused on the implementation of innovations and new technologies into clinical practice. 2019 marks the tenth year of the Forum. In honor of its anniversary, we will brighten things up a bit, as one of the focal points will highlight how optical coherence tomography (OCT) uses light to produce images.
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Image: Man with mouthguard and laboratory glasses holding Petri dish up; Copyright: panthermedia.net/kasto

panthermedia.net/kasto

Cardiac Tissue Engineering: a heart out of the Petri dish

23/09/2019

For patients waiting for donor organs, every day can mean the difference between life and death. Making things even more complicated is the fact that not every organ is a compatible match with the patient. It would mean enormous progress if we could grow organs from the patient's own cells in the lab. That's why patients with heart disease place big hope in tissue engineering.
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Image: Wrist with smartwatch, which measures the pulse rate; Copyright: panthermedia.net / Lev Dolgachov

panthermedia.net / Lev Dolgachov

mHealth: Atrial fibrillation detection – App supports heart health

08/05/2019

Atrial fibrillation is the most common type of persistent cardiac arrhythmia (irregular heart rhythm). Researchers estimate that 1.8 million Germans are presently affected by this disease. The condition is difficult to diagnose, frequently goes undetected and may result in a stroke. A new smartwatch medical app is designed to help patients detect atrial fibrillation before it’s too late.
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Image: Man on a treatment table under a radiation therapy device; Copyright: panthermedia.net/adriaticphoto

panthermedia.net/adriaticphoto

Cardiac arrhythmia: treatment in the linear accelerator

08/04/2019

Cardiac arrhythmia is a group of conditions where nerve cells trigger uncontrolled contractions of the heart muscle. They are treated with either medicine or catheter ablation of the tissue. In an interdisciplinary collaboration, cardiologists and radiotherapists took a different approach and used high-precision radiation therapy to treat a patient for whom the other options proved unfeasible.
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