Background Reports 2020 -- MEDICA - World Forum for Medicine

Image: four scientists holding up a smartphone and a testing kit; Copyright: NTU Singapore

Covid-19 test detects the virus even when it mutates

30/03/2021

A team of scientists led by Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) has developed a diagnostic test that can detect the virus that causes COVID-19 even after it has gone through mutations.
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Image: Depiction of a blood drop and a laser beam next to different finger prints; Copyright: Dennis J.K.H. Luck

Innovative blood test based on infrared light

17/03/2021

A new study carried out by a team of laser physicists, molecular biologists and physicians based at LMU Munich and the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics has confirmed the temporal stability of the molecular composition of blood in a population of healthy individuals.
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Image: four little bottles with different liquids; Copyright: University of Texas at Dallas

Simple blood test could detect liver injury earlier

11/03/2021

University of Texas at Dallas chemist Dr. Jie Zheng has spent much of his career investigating gold nanoparticles for their potential impact in the field of nanomedicine. In new research, he and his colleagues show how these nanoparticles could play a key role in a simple blood test to detect acute liver damage earlier than current methods.
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Image: A wrist of a woman in sport clothes with a wearable device; Copyright: Tokyo University of Science

Wearable microfluidic sensor to measure lactate concentration in real time

25/02/2021

Scientists develop new biosensing device to chemically monitor the state of muscles during physical exercise.
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Image: High-throughput sample preparation for mass spectrometry-based protein analysis using BAC-DROP; Copyright: 2020 American Chemical Society (ACS)

Mass spectrometry: novel gel electrophoresis technique for rapid biomarker diagnosis

19/02/2021

Mass spectrometry (MS) is a powerful method for biomarker analysis because it enables highly sensitive and accurate measurement of target molecules in clinical samples. The application of MS to clinical diagnosis, such as neonatal metabolic screening, has been progressing with a focus on metabolite markers.
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Image: two men and a woman in white tshirts are standing in front of a white ground, they're wearing cancer ribbons; Copyright: PantherMedia/Andrew Lozovyi

World Cancer Day 2021

04/02/2021

Everyone knows it, everyone has heard of it: cancer. It is still one of the most common causes of death. Every year on 4 February, the World Cancer Organisation draws attention to this issue with World Cancer Day. By providing information, it gives hope to sufferers and non-affected people on how to take preventive action against the disease.
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Image: A group of researchers is discussing a chemical structural formula in front of a whiteboard; Copyright: PantherMedia/depositedhar

Intelligent implants: when the material is the key to the solution

01/02/2021

Today we use implants to stabilize or compensate for injuries inside the body and to aid in the healing process. Implants cannot act autonomously and treat the patient if they deem it necessary. However, it is just a matter of time before this happens because research on intelligent implant materials that respond to stimuli is on the cusp of a breakthrough.
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Image: doctor with tablet; Copyright: ipopba/stock.adobe.com

AI: individualized cancer therapy soon to be faster

29/01/2021

The treatment of cancer with new, individualized cell therapies is usually very costly and lengthy. Before treatment can take place, patients often have to wait a long time for individualized therapeutics to be produced and they lose valuable time.
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Image: high-throughput sequencing technology; Copyright: SoulPicture|Kiel, IKMB University of Kiel

Blood group co-determines composition of the intestinal microbiome

21/01/2021

Chronic inflammatory bowel disease (CIBD) in particular is suspected to be closely linked to the composition and (im-)balance of the intestinal microbiome. However, the causal relationship between the microbiome and the development of disease and determining factors of the composition of the microbiome in the individual are still largely unexplained.
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Image: A woman sits on a couch and blows into a measuring device; Copyright: Bosch

Vivatmo me: monitor your asthma treatment at home

01/01/2021

Allergic asthma is a chronic disease that makes regular monitoring essential to keep it under control. This is the only way to determine whether the prescribed medication is effective or whether the patient needs a treatment adjustment. Vivatmo me is a breath analyzer device for home use and helps keep asthma patients safe and confident between visits to the doctor.
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Image: Blood sample labelled

Cardiac diagnostics – prompt and personalized

08/11/2019

If physicians suspect an acute myocardial infarction, they first order an ECG. This test is very established and allows cardiologists to quickly diagnose acute heart attacks – though the test does not detect less common heart attack symptoms. So far, those patients had to wait up to twelve hours before a heart attack could be accurately diagnosed or ruled out. But things are about the change.
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Image: Small brown mole on the back of a hand; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Mario Hahn

Early detection: Tattoo signals cancer – and more

09/07/2018

People who are not ill and do not show any symptoms typically do not visit the doctor. And while most people know that preventive medical checkups for cancer, for example, are important, they still avoid them. They tend to be very hesitant because the doctor might detect a serious illness. In the future, a new type of implant could make it easier to go to a screening test.
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Photo: Preview picture of video

Personalized cancer medicine – Best possible treatment with TherapySelect

30/04/2018

Medicine is getting more and more personalized. This is particularly interesting for oncology, since a cancer is as individual as the respective patient. When choosing a therapy, both the characteristics of the tumor and the personal characteristics of the patient must be considered. To see exactly what this looks like, we visited the diagnostics company TherapySelect, based in Heidelberg.
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Image: A group of physicians is holding large colorful puzzle pieces in their hands and is putting them together; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Andriy Popov

Personalized medicine: a paradigm shift is gaining momentum

01/03/2018

Personalized medicine does not follow a "one-size-fits-all" treatment approach but emphasizes a "tailor-made" paradigm, meaning a treatment is customized to each individual person's case. For patients, this increases the chances of treatment success and means fewer side effects. While the approach originates in the field of oncology, it is now also increasingly applied to other disease patterns.
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