Background Reports 2019 -- MEDICA - World Forum for Medicine

Bild: Group photograph of Nimble Diagnostics representatives, 13 male and female persons; Copyright: Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya

Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya

Start-up to monitor stents using microwave technology

22/09/2022

Nimble Diagnostics is a spin-off that develops microwave-based technology to monitor stents implanted in patients with cardiovascular, vascular, renal or lung disease.
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Image: Electron microscopic image of Mycobacterium tuberculosis; Copyright: 4.0/Finci, I. et al.

4.0/Finci, I. et al.

Personalised antibiotic treatment strategies for tuberculosis patients

16/09/2022

In an international study presented in the journal Lancet Microbe, DZIF researchers have now succeeded in identifying patient-specific resistance patterns using a bacterial genome analysis technique.
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Image: Four men in medical working cloths are standing around a device; Copyright: UMG/Alfred Ricer

UMG/Alfred Ricer

Learning to breathe independently again with electronic "personal trainer"

09/08/2022

The Department of Internal Medicine B at Greifswald University Medical Center has been participating in an international multicenter study (RESCUE 3) for two years, in which a special diaphragm stimulation therapy is used to wean patients on artificial respiration.
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Image: A woman wears a dark blue textile vest with surveillance sensors; Copyright: Fraunhofer

Fraunhofer

High-tech vest monitors lung function

09/08/2022

Patients with severe respiratory or lung diseases require intensive treatment and their lung function needs to be monitored on a continuous basis. As part of the Pneumo.Vest project, Fraunhofer researchers have developed a technology whereby noises in the lungs are recorded using a textile vest with integrated acoustic sensors.
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Image: An example of analysis using deep learning. The AI suggested that the red area is idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and blue area is non-idiopathic pulmonary; Copyright: Tosei General Hospital, Rei

Tosei General Hospital, Reiko Matsushita

AI performs as well as medical specialists in analyzing lung disease

05/08/2022

A Nagoya University research group has developed an AI algorithm that accurately and quickly diagnoses idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, a lung disease. The algorithm makes its diagnosis based only on information from non-invasive examinations, including lung images and medical information collected during daily medical care.
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Image: Woman collecting blood samples for testing on different diseases; Copyright: Prostock-studio

Prostock-studio

Biomarkers: Early detection of Tuberculosis in people with HIV

26/07/2022

Findings of the LMU University Hospital Munich, the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF) and the U.S. Military HIV Research Program in collaboration with the African Cohort Study (AFRICOS) Group suggest that blood-based biomarkers can often detect incipient Tuberculosis (TB) between six to twelve months earlier in people living with HIV before a sputum-based TB diagnosis is possible.
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Image: A photographed ECMO machine in the hospital; Copyright: 2019 Kiryl Lis/Shutterstock

2019 Kiryl Lis/Shutterstock

ECMO: prostaglandin E1 reduces risk for patients

20/07/2022

In case of heart and/or lung failure, an ECMO machine can be used to maintain organ function for days or even weeks. Although extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) technology has advanced, its use can still cause fatal complications in patients.
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Image: Doctor examines x-ray of a lung; Copyright: Pressmaster

Pressmaster

Lung cancer: when radiotherapy fails

11/07/2022

Some lung tumours do not respond to radiation therapy. This effect can be reversed by blocking an enzyme in the tumour cells, as Würzburg researchers report.
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Image: Digital twin of the lungs; Copyright: Ebenbuild/Jakob Richter

Ebenbuild/Jakob Richter

ARDS: Testing Consequences without Consequence

14/11/2019

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening illness in which the lungs are severely damaged. The condition always requires intensive medical care through mechanical ventilation. But not all lungs are the same. To ensure a personalized treatment that is adapted to the individual patient’s lung volume and condition, Ebenbuild relies on digital twins.
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Image: DLIR image of the aorta; Copyright: GE Healthcare

Deep Learning Image Reconstruction – what AI looks like in clinical routine

02/09/2019

Artificial intelligence is no longer a dream of the future in medicine. Many studies and initial application examples show that it sometimes achieves better results than human physicians. At Jena University Hospital, the work with AI is already lived practice. It is the first institution in the world to use algorithms in radiological routine to reconstruct CT images.
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Image: A greenly lit laboratory device; Copyright: Sven Döring

Photonics: "We want a rapid and easy method to identify pathogens and antibiotic resistance"

01/08/2019

The medical devices value chain has gaps between academic research and industrial practice that slow down innovation processes. This also applies to time-sensitive and urgently needed products such as rapid diagnostic tests to identify resistant pathogens. At the InfectoGnostics Research Campus in Jena, partners from research and medicine team up to close these gaps.
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Image: Lung monitoring of a patient with PulmoVista 500 by Draeger; Copyright: Drägerwerk AG & Co. KGaA

Restoring Pulmonary Function

01/03/2019

People suffering from lung disease temporarily need ventilator support because they are unable to breathe naturally. Mechanical ventilation is designed to ensure the survival of these patients. The goal is to adapt the ventilator settings and tailor them the patient's specific needs and prevent lung tissue damage.
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Picture: Woman sleeping sideways in bed with a breathing mask; Copyright: Philips GmbH

Comprehensive Treatment: It’s All About Breathing

01/03/2019

Coughing, airway obstruction, difficulty breathing: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an umbrella term used to describe progressive and currently incurable lung diseases. The innovative solutions of Philips Respironics help patients to manage each stage of the disease and their medication intake, train the respiratory system and provide respiratory support.
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Image: senior coughing man with cigarette; Copyright: panthermedia.net/ljsphotography

All-round care for COPD: diagnosis, treatment, self-management

01/03/2019

COPD affects more than 200 million people in the world. Those affected by this chronic pulmonary disease are often slow to notice the symptoms and get a medical diagnosis. This results in secondary complications and high medical costs. That's why an early diagnosis, comprehensive treatment, and frequent monitoring are very important. Various devices and tools support this all-round care.
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Image: Dosage inhaler and stethoscope in front of a shelf; Copyright: panthermedia.net/liudmilachernetska@gmail.com

React early, breathe free – comprehensive COPD management

01/03/2019

COPD is considered the third most common cause of death worldwide and mainly affects smokers. It is not curable, but with the right combination of early diagnosis, therapy and self-management, a significant part of the quality of life can be regained. The comprehensive care is supported by various devices and technical tools. Learn more about the all-round care of COPD in our Topic of the Month.
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Image: Preemie doll with drug delivery system on the nose; Copyright: Fraunhofer ITEM/Till Holland

Fraunhofer ITEM/Till Holland

Gentle medication for the little ones – with every breath

22/02/2019

According to the WHO, ten percent of babies worldwide are born prematurely. Since most organs of these tiny babies have not fully developed yet, it can quickly lead to complications and disorders and most notably affect the lungs of the premature infants. What's more, infections require gentle treatment, as the preemies themselves are fragile and susceptible – making this a challenging situation.
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