Background Reports 2019 -- MEDICA - World Forum for Medicine

Image: High-tech server computer at work: a man presses the keyboard; Copyright: photocreo

photocreo

Mathematical models help predict the evolution of neurodegenerative diseases

23/09/2022

In their latest study, the researchers involved have demonstrated that "integrating and processing all the data together, using multilayer networks, provides a more comprehensive analysis of the data than if they are analysed individually and independently".
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Image: A wearable assistive robot that can detect and prevent a fall before it happens, exhibited in a hall; Copyright: Nanyang Technological University

Nanyang Technological University

Assistive robot to prevent falls and assist in physiotherapy for the elderly

15/09/2022

Researchers at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Tan Tock Seng Hospital (TTSH) have developed a wearable assistive robot that can detect and prevent a fall before it happens, reducing the user’s risk of sustaining injuries.
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Image: Microscope in biotechnology laboratory with laboratory samples in the background; Copyright: ckstockphoto

ckstockphoto

Machine learning to unlock genomic code in clinical cancer samples

13/09/2022

A new paper from University of Helsinki, published in Nature Communications, suggests a method for accurately analysing genomics data in cancer archival biopsies.
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Image: Thierry Nordmann (left) & Lisa Schweizer are standing in the lab, each with a pipette in hand and a microtiter plate in front of them; Copyright: Susanne Vondenbusch-Teetz, MPI for Biochemistry

Susanne Vondenbusch-Teetz, MPI for Biochemistry

Deep Visual Proteomics: tracking down cancer

08/09/2022

Proteins are frequently called the building blocks of life because they are found everywhere, including in our cells. This makes them an important factor when it comes to diseases. As a result, mapping the protein landscape can be a crucial ally in the fight against diseases. Now, a German-Danish team has developed a method that provides researchers with unprecedented insights into cancer.
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Bild: Elderly woman sitting on the bed and having a heart problem, she is holding her chest in pain; Copyright: Rawpixel

Rawpixel

AI improves treatment in women with heart attacks

07/09/2022

Heart attacks in women are more likely to be fatal than in men. The reasons are differences in age and in comorbidity burden which makes risk assessment in women a challenge. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now developed a novel artificial-intelligence-based risk score that improves personalized care for female patients with heart attacks.
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Image: Storage array servers in a bright computer room in the data center; Copyright: MargJohnsonVA

MargJohnsonVA

Efficient AI technology for MRI data analysis

01/09/2022

An algorithm developed by researchers from Helmholtz Munich, the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and its University Hospital rechts der Isar, the University Hospital Bonn (UKB) and the University of Bonn is able to learn independently across different medical institutions.
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Image: A man in a red sweater, Rytis Maskeliūnas, poses for the camera with a smile ; Copyright: Kaunas University of Technology (KTU)

Kaunas University of Technology (KTU)

Lithuanian innovation: Efficient screening of voice pathologies

30/08/2022

In cases of advanced laryngeal cancer, a complex surgery called laryngectomy is performed, when the organ vital for a person’s ability to speak is removed. Striving to improve the patient’s quality of life after laryngectomy, a team of software engineers from KTU conducted a study, during which they searched for pathologies in patients’ voices using artificial intelligence (AI).
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Image: Medical team working on patient in emergency room; Copyright: monkeybusiness

monkeybusiness

Big data in the emergency room

26/08/2022

Researchers at Osaka University use machine learning methods on a large dataset of trauma patients to determine the factors that correlate with survival, which may significantly improve triage and rapid treatment procedures.
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Image: scanning electron microscope image of red blood cells in the blood clot; Copyright: Empa

Empa

Personalized treatment of acute stroke: diagnostics with 3D virtual histology

23/08/2022

Every minute counts when someone is having an acute stroke. If the cause is a vascular blockage caused by a blood clot (thrombus) in the brain, detailed insights into the thrombus composition is critical to remove or dissolve it successfully and help restore blood flow. But that’s often easier said than done when "time is brain".
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Image: Closeup of a doctor examining her patient via dermatoscopy; Copyright: Satura_

Satura_

Melanoma thickness equally hard for algorithms and dermatologists to judge

17/08/2022

Assessing the thickness of melanoma is difficult, whether done by an experienced dermatologist or a well-trained machine-learning algorithm. A study from the University of Gothenburg shows that the algorithm and the dermatologists had an equal success rate in interpreting dermoscopic images.
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Image: A woman wears a dark blue textile vest with surveillance sensors; Copyright: Fraunhofer

Fraunhofer

High-tech vest monitors lung function

09/08/2022

Patients with severe respiratory or lung diseases require intensive treatment and their lung function needs to be monitored on a continuous basis. As part of the Pneumo.Vest project, Fraunhofer researchers have developed a technology whereby noises in the lungs are recorded using a textile vest with integrated acoustic sensors.
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Image: Two people discuss medical information on a laptop; Copyright: M. Brombach/EKFZ

M. Brombach/EKFZ

Improved certification of medical software with AI

08/08/2022

Innovative medical technology can save lives. Outdated approval processes delay rapid market introduction. To shorten the time from development to certification, the KIMEDS joint project aims to develop an AI-supported safety solution across the entire lifecycle of medical software.
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Virtual treatment relieves therapists – Gamification for a successful therapy

08/08/2022

Immerse yourself into strange worlds, solve tasks, experience adventures – computer games look especially realistic in Virtual Reality. Medicine is also making good use of virtual worlds: With CUREO, the CUREosity GmbH from Düsseldorf has developed a VR system for physiotherapy and Ergotherapy.
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Image: An example of analysis using deep learning. The AI suggested that the red area is idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and blue area is non-idiopathic pulmonary; Copyright: Tosei General Hospital, Rei

Tosei General Hospital, Reiko Matsushita

AI performs as well as medical specialists in analyzing lung disease

05/08/2022

A Nagoya University research group has developed an AI algorithm that accurately and quickly diagnoses idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, a lung disease. The algorithm makes its diagnosis based only on information from non-invasive examinations, including lung images and medical information collected during daily medical care.
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Image: Illustration showing how an AI-based test method works; Copyright: Ryuji Kato

Ryuji Kato

AI detects whether drugs are effective for neurodegenerative diseases

01/08/2022

A research group from Nagoya University in Japan has developed an artificial intelligence for analyzing cell images that uses machine learning to predict the therapeutic effect of drugs. Called in silico FOCUS, this new technology may aid in the discovery of therapeutic agents for neurodegenerative disorders such as Kennedy disease.
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Image: Micrograph of drying patterns of peptide solutions; Copyright: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

Peptide "fingerprint" enables earlier diagnosis of alzheimer’s disease

28/07/2022

Neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s disease or Parkinson’s disease are caused by folding errors (misfolding) in proteins or peptides, i.e. by changes in their spatial structure.
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Image: Female doctor examining pelvis x-ray in hospital ; Copyright: stevanovicigor

stevanovicigor

Robot hip surgeons: trial to test performance against humans

18/07/2022

Robots will have their surgical skills put to the test as researchers trial their use in hip replacement surgery for the first time.
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Image: Doctor shows elderly patient with dementia geometric shape game; Copyright: davidpereiras

davidpereiras

Could a computer diagnose Alzheimer’s disease and dementia?

15/07/2022

Boston University researchers develop an artificial intelligence program that detects cognitive impairment accurately and efficiently from voice recordings.
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Image: A doctor holds a medicine bottle in his hand; Copyright: Pressmaster

Pressmaster

SafePolyMed - Safer drug treatment, enhanced patient empowerment

14/07/2022

In the new EU project “SafePolyMed" an international research team sets out to provide physicians and pharmacists with innovative tools to increase drug treatment safety and educate patients on how to actively manage their own healthcare.
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Image: Professor Bergita Ganse at work in her laboratory. ; Copyright: Saarland University

Saarland University

Implants use smart materials to improve bone fracture repair

12/07/2022

For patients with a broken shin bone, a new generation of smart orthopaedic implants is being developed that can not only monitor healing progression at the bone fracture site, but can use controlled micromotions to actively stimulate the repair process.
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Image: A smiling man in a lightish shirt is standing in a computer lab with students – Prof. Daniel Rückert; Copyright: Juli Eberle/TUM

Juli Eberle/TUM

New digital medicine and health center in Munich

12/07/2022

The Zentrum für Digitale Medizin und Gesundheit (ZDMG) will bring together researchers in medicine, informatics and mathematics. They will collaborate on new healthcare developments based on data science and artificial intelligence and pursue clinical applications.
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Image: Urine sample for analysis in a medical laboratory; Copyright: twenty20photos

twenty20photos

Urology: machine learning goes with the flow

07/07/2022

An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm trained to listen to patients pass urine is able to identify abnormal flows and could be a useful and cost-effective means of monitoring and managing urology patients at home.
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Image: Cell culture plate in the incubator; Copyright: twenty20photos

twenty20photos

Human-robot-AI teamwork accelerates regenerative medicine

06/07/2022

A joint research group led by Genki Kanda at the RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research (BDR) has developed a robotic artificial intelligence (AI) system for autonomously determining the optimal conditions for growing replacement retina layers necessary for vision.
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Image: An app on a smartphone shows how the deep learning tool identifies diseases via the eye; Copyright: Sharma et al.

Sharma et al.

Deep learning model helps automated screening of common eye disorders

30/06/2022

A new deep learning (DL) model that can identify disease-related features from images of eyes has been unveiled by a group of Tohoku University researchers. This 'lightweight' DL model can be trained with a small number of images, even ones with a high-degree of noise, and is resource-efficient, meaning it is deployable on mobile devices.
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