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Stem cell divisions in the adult brain seen for the first time
Scientists from the University of Zurich have succeeded for the first time in tracking individual stem cells and their neuronal progeny over months within the intact adult brain. This study sheds light on how new neurons are produced throughout life.
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Symptoms of alcoholism make taking medication to treat the disease more difficult
Symptoms of alcoholism make it more difficult for some people to regularly take the prescription drug naltrexone, which could help treat their disease, a researcher at Oregon State University has found.
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Untimely immune cell clocks may contribute to obesity and diabetes in shift workers
About 15 million Americans don't have a typical nine-to-five workday, and many of these - nurses, firefighters and flight attendants, among many other professions - may see their schedule change drastically one week to the next.
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New algorithm decodes spine oncology treatment
Every kind of cancer can spread to the spine, yet two physician-scientists who treat these patients describe a paucity of guidance for effectively providing care and minimizing pain. To resolve the confusion and address the continually changing landscape of spine oncology, a recent Michigan Medicine-led publication details a guide to explain the management of spinal metastases.
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Palm oil in your Valentine's chocolate? Beware.
A diet rich in saturated fat and sugar not only leads to obesity, it creates inflammation in the nucleus accumbens, a part of the brain that controls mood and the feeling of reward. And this inflammation can lead to depressive, anxious and compulsive behaviour and disrupt metabolism, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM).
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Starving liver cancer
Scientists at the University of Delaware and the University of Illinois at Chicago have found a new way to kill liver cancer cells and inhibit tumor growth. First, they silence a key cellular enzyme, and then they add a powerful drug. They describe their methods in a new paper published in Nature Communications.
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Unusual lung structures may raise risk of pulmonary disease
The internal anatomy of our lungs is surprisingly variable, and some of those variations are associated with a greater risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a new study led by researchers at McGill University and the Columbia University Irving Medical Center has found.
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How old antibiotic compounds could become tomorrow's life-saving drugs
As the fight against drug-resistant infections continues, University of Leeds scientists are looking back at previously discarded chemical compounds, to see if any could be developed for new antibiotics.
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Asthma drug potential treatment for aortic aneurysm
Aortic aneurysm – the dilation of the aorta – is a serious condition that lacks effective drug treatment. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden report in the journal PNAS, however, that a common asthma drug can retard the development of aortic aneurysm in mice.
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Vitamin A in cattle fodder is potentially protecting against cow's milk allergy
Infants can sometimes develop an allergy to cow's milk that usually subsides by adulthood but may increase the risk for developing other allergic diseases.
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