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Image: Flinders University researcher Dr. Roger Yazbek; Copyright: Flinders University

Respiration: New breath-testing for gut disorders

22/03/2019

Small children may one day avoid invasive, painful and often traumatic oesophageal tube-testing for gut damage and coeliac disease with a new method of simply blowing into a glass tube to provide effective diagnoses.
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Image: physician shows pregnant woman her ultrasound images; Copyright: ByLove

Imaging: revealing life-threatening pregnancy disorder

13/03/2019

An imaging technique used to detect some forms of cancer can also help detect preeclampsia in pregnancy before it becomes a life-threatening condition, a new Tulane study says.
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Image: Visualization on sample whole-slide images of the lung cancer histologic patterns; Copyright: Hassanpour Lab, Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center

New machine learning model classifies lung cancer

06/03/2019

Using recent advances in machine learning, a Dartmouth research team has developed a deep neural network to classify different types of a common form of lung cancer on histopathology slides at an accuracy level shown to be on par with pathologists.
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Image: A woman in a laboratory; Copyright: Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center

PET scans identify biomarker to guide chemotherapy

25/02/2019

In an effort to further individualize breast cancer therapy and avoid over-treating patients, researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center report a new study using PET scans has identified a biomarker that may accurately predict which patients with one type of HER2-positive breast cancer might best benefit from standalone HER2-targeted agents, without the need for standard chemotherapy.
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Image: three clinicians in the lab in front of a computer.; Copyright: panthermedia.net/alexraths

Machine learning predicts unnecessary surgeries

13/02/2019

Atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) is a breast lesion associated with a four- to five-fold increase in the risk of breast cancer. ADH is primarily found using mammography and identified on core needle biopsy. Despite multiple passes of the lesion during biopsy, only portions of the lesions are sampled.
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Image: yellow tape measure with capsules in front of it; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Jiri Hera

Personalized cancer medicine: customized treatment

01/03/2018

Everyone is different. This statement also applies to our health. Cancer, in particular, can look and progress differently depending on the individual person. That’s why every patient ideally also needs a customized treatment that is tailored to their individual needs. But how feasible is this idea?
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