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Image: Radiology assistant presses a button at the front of a CT; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Arne Trautmann

Lung cancer: Screening with low-Dose CT scans

01/10/2018

Lung cancer is one of the most common and deadliest cancers. The symptoms tend to be non-specific, often causing its detection to be too late. Currently, there is no comprehensive screening. This could change with the use of low-dose CT scans. It should be noted that this is not just an issue of technical feasibility. A screening test must also make sense from a health policy perspective.
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Image: varicose veins; Copyright: panthermedia.net/himchenko

The taller you are, the more likely you may develop varicose veins

26/09/2018

A person's height and certain genes that predict height are associated with varicose veins and may provide clues about what causes this condition and ways to prevent and treat it, according to new research in the American Heart Association's journal Circulation.
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Image: novel biomedical imaging system; Copyright: Purdue Research Foundation Image

Novel biomedical imaging system

30/08/2018

Purdue University researchers are developing a novel biomedical imaging system that combines optical and ultrasound technology to improve diagnosis of life-threatening diseases.
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Researchers 3D print prototype for "bionic eye"

30/08/2018

A team of researchers at the University of Minnesota have, for the first time, fully 3D printed an array of light receptors on a hemispherical surface. This discovery marks a significant step toward creating a "bionic eye" that could someday help blind people see or sighted people see better.
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Image: molecules occupying a tiny space between heart muscle cells; Copyright:  Virginia Tech/Gourdie lab

The heart: Digital or analog?

29/08/2018

Scientists at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute (VTCRI) have found evidence that may disrupt conventional understanding about how electrical activity travels in the heart -- a discovery that potentially can lead to new insight into medical problems such as heart arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death.
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Image: Clinic staff member at the Diabetes and Endocrinology Center; Copyright: University of Iowa Health Care

AI can deliver specialty-level diagnosis

29/08/2018

A system designed by a University of Iowa ophthalmologist that uses artificial intelligence (AI) to detect diabetic retinopathy without a person interpreting the results earned Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorization in April, following a clinical trial in primary care offices.
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Image: A single UVC light-diffusing optical fiber.; Copyright: David Welch, Ph.D., Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons

'Safe' UV light may prevent infections

27/08/2018

Optical fibers that emit a type of UV light that's safe for skin--but deadly for drug-resistant bacteria--may be able to prevent infections around skin-penetrating medical devices
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Image: muscle tissue samples treated; Copyright: Georgia Tech / Christopher Moore

matrix delivers healing stem cells

17/08/2018

A car accident leaves an aging patient with severe muscle injuries that won't heal. Treatment with muscle stem cells from a donor might restore damaged tissue, but doctors are unable to deliver them effectively. A new method may help change this.
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Image: dna spiral; Copyright: panthermedia.com/denrud

Genetic tools uncover cause of childhood seizure disorder

14/08/2018

Early childhood seizures result from a rare disease that begin in the first months of life. Researchers at University of Utah Health have developed high-tech tools to uncover the genetic cause of the most difficult to diagnose cases. The results are available online on August 13 in the journal Nature Genomic Medicine.
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Image:cancer cells; Copyright: panthermedia.com/Vitanovski

AI model 'learns' from patient data

14/08/2018

MIT researchers are employing novel machine-learning techniques to improve the quality of life for patients by reducing toxic chemotherapy and radiotherapy dosing for glioblastoma, the most aggressive form of brain cancer.
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Image: Water - Novel approach keeps liquids from freezing; Copyright: panthermedia.com/chepko

Novel approach keeps liquids from freezing

13/08/2018

Investigators from the Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Engineering in Medicine (MGH-CEM) have developed a simple method to maintain water and water-based solutions in a liquid state at temperatures far below the usual "freezing point" for greatly extended periods of time.
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Image:W. Christopher Risher, Ph.D., assistant professor of biomedical sciences at the Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine; Copyright: Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of M

3D electron microscopy reveals Insights into brain circuitry

13/08/2018

New research from a team led by Marshall University scientist W. Christopher Risher, Ph.D., reveals novel molecular insights into how multiple cell types drive the formation and maturation of brain circuits.
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Image: Triculture System Fully Replicates Alzheimer's Pathology; Copyright: Genetics and Aging Research Unit, MassGeneral Institute for Neurodegenerative Disease

Microfluidic system incorporates neuroinflammation

03/08/2018

Building on their development of the first culture system to replicate fully the pathology behind Alzheimer's disease, a Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) research team has now produced a system that includes neuroinflammation, the key biological response that leads to the death of brain cells.
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Image: Setting up a microscope; Copyright:Allen Institute

Openscope: the first shared observatory for neuroscience

02/08/2018

The Allen Institute for Brain Science, a division of the Allen Institute, announced the launch of OpenScope, a project that will give researchers access to the Institute's "observatory of the mind" to study the activity of nerve cells in the visual cortex of the mouse. OpenScope was modeled after shared astronomy observatories that have been the seat of major findings about the physical universe.
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Image: An image of oligortical spheroids in wells; Copyright: Case Western Reserve School of Medicine

A new milestone in laboratory grown human brain tissue

01/08/2018

A cutting-edge laboratory technique turns human stem cells into brain-like tissue now recapitulates human brain development. The new study from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine was published in Nature Methods and shows how to grow brain "organoids"--self-organizing mini spheres that now contain all the major cell types found in the human cerebral cortex-in laboratory dishes.
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Image: A new diagnostic blood test helps rule out need for CT scans in patients with possible TBI; Copyright: panthermedia-net-ktsdesign

New diagnostic blood test helps rule out need for CT scans

01/08/2018

Research conducted at the Wayne State University School of Medicine has helped confirm the effectiveness of a blood biomarker that can indicate if patients with a head injury can avoid a costly CT scan because the blood test results indicate no traumatic brain injury (TBI).
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Image: Screen showing an image from cardiovascular angiography; Copyright: panthermedia.net/fly_wish

Coronary heart disease: non-invasive imaging reduces catheter examinations

01/09/2017

Coronary heart disease (CHD) can cause heart arrhythmia, heart insufficiency or heart attack. All the more important is an early, reliable diagnosis that helps to treat it and to reduce risk factors. But what is the best method for diagnosis? A recent study found that functional imaging methods can often spare patients the trouble and risks of a coronary angiography.
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Image: A young woman takes another young woman's blood sample; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Arne Trautmann

Physician Assistant - profession with perspective

22/06/2017

The doctor's profession is exhausting and involves many different activities. For a long time, there have been discussions about how doctors can be supported by other specialists. One solution: help from so-called physician assistants.
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Image: Graphic representation of Europe with small figures depicting the population; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Takahase Segundo

Hospital-acquired infections: pathogens know no borders

03/04/2017

Many aspects are uniformly regulated in Europe, however, hospital hygiene and MRSA prevention, for example, are not. The Netherlands plays a pioneering role in the fight against hospital-acquired infections. The country is an often-cited role model. But can other countries simply adopt the same system? And what makes it so different? MEDICA asked expert Prof. Alexander W. Friedrich.
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Image: Different medical pictograms; Copyright: panthermedia.net/aimage

Collect Data? Utilize Data! – The Blessings of Big Data

01/03/2017

Genome data, MRI images, and blood test results – data collected in the medical sector is not only very heterogeneous but also extremely extensive. However, it is important to not only collect this data but to also utilize it. After all, processed, linked and analyzed data provides many opportunities in research, hospital management and ultimately also for the individual patient.
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Small companions: How wearables change our lives

01/09/2015

They can be seen everywhere: at the wrists, in the ear, clipped to the belt. Wearables are small technical assistants who are built to collect and partially also to analyze data. Some of them collect measurable health data, others "only" count their user’s steps or measure the surrounding UV radiation. The fact is, however, that wearables are en vogue and are used for many different cases.
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Euthanasia – A Human Right?

01/12/2014

Several weeks ago on November 1, 2014, 29-year-old Brittany Maynard, who suffered from terminal brain cancer, took drugs to end her life surrounded by her family. This was preceded by months of despair and anguish, but also by love and a lust for life as the young woman describes in several videos she recorded to fight for the right to die with dignity.
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Making Your Own End-of-Life Decisions: “All options of palliative care, pain management and continued life need to have been explained to the patient“

01/12/2014

How does a physician handle a patient, who wants to die and what rights do I actually have as a patient? Legal practitioners do not automatically answer these and other questions. We talked about this subject with MD-PhD Ralf Jox from the Institute of Ethics, History and Theory of Medicine at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Germany.
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Photo: Dr. Anna-Maria Liphardt

Laboratory in Space: Hot on the Trails of Cartilage Degradation

01/10/2014

On November 10, 2014, astronaut Alexander Gerst will return to Earth from the International Space Station (ISS). He is not just anxiously expected by his family, but also by Dr. Anna-Maria Liphardt from the Institute of Biomechanics and Orthopedics at the German Sport University Cologne
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Pediatric anesthesia: "I would object to a specialty medical training"

01/09/2014

When very young children already need to be in the operating room, it’s not just the parents that are concerned. This type of situation is a special challenge for the entire operating team, because children are always very special patients - especially since they are not just simply small grown-ups!
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