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Image: abstract computer simulation of the signalling pathways of a human brain; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Andrew Ostrovsky

Launch of the neuroinformatics platform "The Virtual Brain"

16/07/2018

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the Berlin Institute of Health (BIH) are pleased to announce that 'The Virtual Brain' neuroinformatics platform has joined the EU's Flagship 'Human Brain Project'. With financial support from the EU's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program, Charité's researchers are now integrating their open-source platform into the 'Human Brain Project'.
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Image: smiling man in a suit; Copyright: L. Brian Stauffer

New informatics tool makes the most of genomic data

16/07/2018

The rise of genomics, the shift from considering genes singly to collectively, is adding a new dimension to medical care; biomedical researchers hope to use the information contained in human genomes to make better predictions about individual health, including responses to therapeutic drugs.
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Image: three images of a brain; Copyright: Yasser Iturria Medina

Unique brain 'fingerprint' can predict drug effectiveness

13/07/2018

Personalized medicine - delivering therapies specially tailored to a patient's unique physiology - has been a goal of researchers and doctors for a long time. New research provides a way of delivering personalized treatments to patients with neurological disease.
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Image: woman working at a computer; Copyright: LA Cicero

Artificial intelligence helps predict drug combinations' side effects

13/07/2018

Last month alone, 23 percent of Americans took two or more prescription drugs, according to one CDC estimate, and 39 percent over age 65 take five or more, a number that's increased three-fold in the last several decades. And if that isn't surprising enough, try this one: in many cases, doctors have no idea what side effects might arise from adding another drug to a patient's personal pharmacy.
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Image: three brain scans of two different brains; Copyright: Lutz Jäncke, UZH

MRI reveals: Every person has a unique brain anatomy

12/07/2018

Like with fingerprints, no two people have the same brain anatomy, a study by researchers of the University of Zurich has shown. This uniqueness is the result of a combination of genetic factors and individual life experiences.
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Image: view out of an MRI at seven men looking into the camera; Copyright: Thor Balkhed

Blood flow in the heart revealed in a flash

12/07/2018

Researchers at Linköping University have for the first time been able to use information from computer tomography images to simulate the heart function of an individual patient. Some of the modelling methods they use have been developed in the motor industry.
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Image: look over the shoulder of a female researcher at a computer; Copyright: CRG

Big Data analysis identifies new cancer risk genes

11/07/2018

Researchers at the Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG) in Barcelona developed a new method to systematically identify genes contributing to heritable cancer risk. Their work, which is published in Nature Communications, is a success story for data sharing and openness in science. Just three researchers identified new cancer genes only using publically available data.
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Image: left: test person with a kind of breathing mask on a training device, right: test person with electrode cap at the computer; Copyright: McGill University

Visualized: exercises creates optimal brain state

11/07/2018

If you want to learn to walk a tightrope, it's a good idea to go for a short run after each practice session. That’s because a recent study in NeuroImage demonstrates that exercise performed immediately after practicing a new motor skill improves its long-term retention.
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Image: four images of how the software works and identify potential spine locations; Copyright: Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience

New software for rapid, automated identification of dendritic spines

10/07/2018

Is it possible for microscopes to learn a bit about the brain? Even be taught by neuroscientists to reliably recognize parts of brain cells - all on their own? Though it may seem like something straight out of The Jetsons, a neuroscientist and software engineer in the lab of MPFI's Scientific Director is developing new software with the goal of vastly improving the daily life of a microscope user.
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Image: CT and PET SUV images of both knees of an RA patient with clinical signs of synovitis, and a healthy control; Copyright: N Narayan et al. 2018, University of Oxford, Headington, Oxford, UK

Novel PET imaging to evaluate rheumatoid arthritis inflammation

10/07/2018

A new positron emission tomography (PET) imaging method more fully evaluates the extent of rheumatoid arthritis by targeting translocator protein (TSPO) expression in the synovium (joint lining tissue). The study is featured in the July issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine.
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