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Image: X-ray image of a human chest, showing the lungs; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Guzel

Respiratory diseases, musculoskeletal conditions, depressive symptoms and diabetes

22/09/2017

Respiratory diseases are major causes of disease burden and mortality. They are also the focus of the latest issue of the Journal of Health Monitoring, which features a Focus article that considers acute respiratory diseases such as influenza as well as chronic lung diseases including lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma.
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Image: model of a human brain with luminous areas; Copyright: panthermedia.net/pixologic

Drugs in disguise heal the brain

22/09/2017

The treatment of brain diseases is on the verge of a breakthrough. Researchers from Aalborg University are developing a new method that 'smuggles' medicine past the brain's defense systems, giving hope that diseases such as Alzheimer's can one day be cured.
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Image: documents and a stetoscope are lying on the table, the word

Differences in aggression among people with dementia

21/09/2017

Physical aggression among people with dementia is not unusual. A study from Lund University in Sweden showed that one-third of patients with the diagnosis Alzheimer's disease or frontotemporal dementia were physically aggressive towards healthcare staff, other patients, relatives, animals and complete strangers. This manifestation of disease must be both understood and addressed in the right way.
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Image: image of how Taxanes induce tripolar instead of normal bipolar cell division; Copyright: Munich University Hospital

Cancer drug stimulates tripolar mode of mitosis

21/09/2017

Taxanes inhibit cell division and make cancer cells sensitive to radiation therapy. A current study has investigated the underlying mechanisms of this action – and which biomarkers may be useful for predicting the success of therapy.
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Image: flu vaccination standing on the table; Copyright: Lancaster University

Why only half of healthcare workers have the flu vaccine

20/09/2017

The low uptake of flu vaccination among medical students and doctors is influenced by social attitudes say researchers. Despite a recommendation from the Chief Medical Officer for England that all healthcare workers are vaccinated annually, only 55 percent are protected against the spread of influenza, this could contribute to staff sickness and mortality among elderly patients.
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Image: illustration of the human immune system; Copyright: panthermedia.net/ralwel

Immune cells help fat deal with environmental challenges

20/09/2017

Immunosuppressive regulatory T-cells play an important role in the functioning of adipose tissue. This is the discovery of scientists from the Helmholtz Diabetes Center (HDC) at Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Technical University of Munich (TUM). Their findings are published in the journal 'Cell Metabolism'.
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Image: viruses on black background; Copyright: panthermedia.net/frenta

A hair-trigger for cells fighting infection

19/09/2017

To fight infections cells in the immune system play a dangerous game with their own genes. Damaging genes allows B cells to make antibodies that are specifically equipped to target to specific causes of illness, but damaging genes also puts them at risk of becoming cancerous.
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Image: Comparison of normal vs hepatoblastoma liver tissue; Copyright: Etienne Meylan/EPFL

Metabolism can be used to subtype hepatoblastoma tumors

19/09/2017

Looking at cell metabolism instead of histology, EPFL scientists have identified new biomarkers that could help more accurately classify the two main subtypes of hepatoblastoma, a children liver cancer. Hepatoblastoma is a rare pediatric liver cancer, usually diagnosed in the first three years of life.
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Image: Breast cancer stem cell line 1 (BCSC1) from the newly established cell model; Copyright: Maurer Lab

Researchers found a possible new treatment for aggressive triple receptor-negative breast cancer

18/09/2017

Scientists from the cluster of excellence BIOSS Centre for Biological Signalling Studies at the University of Freiburg and the Freiburg University Medical Center have shown that inhibiting the epigenetic regulator KDM4 might offer a potential novel treatment option for breast cancer patients.
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Image: heaps of vegetables, one hand holding a blood glucose meter; Copyright: panthermedia.net/dml5050

Biomarkers in the blood prove strong role of food for type 2 diabetes

18/09/2017

A pioneering method, developed at Chalmers University of Technology, has demonstrated its potential in a large study, showing that metabolic fingerprints from blood samples could render important new knowledge on the connection between food and health. The study finds that diet is one of the strongest predictors of type 2 diabetes risk in older women.
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