A ‘Molecular Manual’ for Diseases -- MEDICA - World Forum for Medicine

A ‘Molecular Manual’ for Diseases

Photo: Keys of a computer keyboard

Easy-going: on the computer at
home, scientists can watch
interactions between molecules;

The results constitute the first molecular catalogue of tissue-specific processes involved in hundreds of human diseases, and will facilitate the study of fundamental tissue-specific processes involved in diseases. This could lead to new or better treatments in specific diseases.

”Disease processes in humans are far from being exhaustively understood and characterised, in part because they are the result of complex interactions between many molecules, and often take place in specific tissues or organs. These interactions are hard to study in humans because it would require extensive experiments in patients, which of course is not possible. This creates a bottleneck in our understanding of how diseases arise and which molecules and genes are involved”, say the project leaders Kasper Lage and Niclas Tue Hansen.

”We chose a new approach by letting supercomputers model biological processes in tissues across the human organism, based on the knowledge from millions of already published articles. In this way we were able to create an extensive map the interactions of molecules in many diseases – a sort of molecular manual to hundreds of diseases – without carrying out experiments in patients”.

The diseases will most likely be easier to investigate for doctors and researchers and the catalogue has been made freely available from the Center for Biological Sequence Analysis (CBS ) webpage. “We have shown that using supercomputers we can circumvent some of the bottlenecks in experimental disease research. We let the computers integrate a lot of available clinical data and searched for new patterns that are important for the tissue-specific disease processes”, says Thomas Skøt Jensen, Assistant Professor at CBS.

MEDICA.de; Source: Technical University of Denmark