Image: X-ray image of the spine of a scoliosis patient; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Draw05

Some major scoliosis surgeries can be avoided

13/07/2016

In a look-back study of medical records, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine concluded that a major operation to fuse the spines of children with a rare form of severe, early-onset scoliosis can be eliminated in many cases.
Read more
Image: African physician is examining a child; Copyright: panthermedia.net/Kouassai Gilbert Ambeu

Illness management strategy for children under five

12/07/2016

An international review team has published a Cochrane systematic review that assessed the effects of programs that use the World Health Organization's (WHO) integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI) strategy.
Read more
Photo: Two people with recumbent bikes during a race; Copyright: ETH Zürich/Alessandro Della Bella

Cybathlon: A new type of competition for people with disabilities

01/07/2016

Technical means that lend superpowers to humans are quite normal in comics and movies. In reality, their purpose is much more mundane: They are supposed to help people with disabilities in everyday life. MEDICA MEDICINE + SPORTS CONFERENCE, that takes place at MEDICA in November, is dealing with this topic, too.
Read more
Photo: A house in Africa with solar panels on the roof

Saved by the sun

30/06/2016

A new twist on the use of renewable energy is saving children's lives in Africa. The innovation - a solar powered oxygen delivery system - is providing concentrated oxygen in hospital for children suffering from severe pneumonia.
Read more
Photo: Female physician and a girl at a radiation therapy treatment room

Children: Play-based preparation for radiation therapy

30/05/2016

New research from St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital shows support interventions by child life specialists decrease sedation use and costs associated with cranial radiation therapy.
Read more
Photo: boy

As early as first grade, children with severe obesity are more likely to be ostracized

26/05/2016

Childhood obesity has almost quadrupled among 6- to 11-year-olds since 1980. Today, approximately one in 20 children in the United States is severely obese and this public health threat costs the U.S. government billions of dollars annually.
Read more
Photo: Mother and daughter in a kitchen fill a glass with water

Hard water linked to risk of eczema in infants

19/05/2016

Eczema affects around a fifth of children in the UK. Skin barrier impairment and dry skin are thought to be triggers of eczema in early life, partly through genetic predisposition. Environmental factors may also contribute to the breakdown of the skin barrier, including water hardness and chlorine in household water.
Read more
Photo: Doctor measures blood sugar of a child

Infections can increase diabetes risk in children

11/05/2016

Viral respiratory infections during the first six months of life are associated with an increased risk for type 1 diabetes. This is the conclusion reached by a team of scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München during a study published in the current issue of JAMA.
Read more
Photo: Three men pose during an award ceremony

Cardiac insufficiency: early diagnosis with ultrasound

02/05/2016

Heart failure or cardiac insufficiency presents an extra strain on patients because it severally limits everyday performance and deprives them of energy. Due to their intense need for movement, children are particularly strongly affected. However, the disease is frequently not detected until the physical performance is already declining. An early diagnosis could prevent this.
Read more
Photo: Young girl walking with Walk-DMC

'Walk-DMC' aims to improve surgery outcomes for children with cerebral palsy

29/04/2016

Researchers from the University of Washington's Department of Mechanical Engineering, in collaboration with partners from Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare, have developed a new quantitative assessment of motor control in children with cerebral palsy called Walk-DMC, which could help predict which patients are -- or are not -- likely to benefit from such aggressive treatment.
Read more
Photo: Child gets pierced into the finger using a lancing device

Diabetes: comprehensive prevention, early "vaccination"?

08/04/2016

A diagnosis of diabetes often catches new patients off guard - for instance if they end up in the emergency room suffering from metabolic decompensation. Children are often affected by this. Their immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas early on in their lives, thus causing type 1 diabetes.
Read more
Photo: Three-dimensional model of the right ventricle

Ultrasound: four dimensions for pediatric cardiac diagnostics

01/03/2016

Fortunately, only a handful of newborns are affected by them, though this determines if not the rest of their lives then, at least, the first few years of affected children: congenital heart defects. After the necessary surgeries, the small patients repeatedly need to return for checkups. Until now, these were conducted using MRI scans. 4D ultrasound can be an alternative.
Read more
Photo: artificial heart valve

Artificial heart valve: "The structure is meant to be broken down again by the body at a later point."

08/01/2016

There are various artificial heart valves available for children, but they have one essential drawback: they need to be replaced because the children are still growing. The artificial valve, on the other hand, remains the same size – and subsequently becomes too small. This is why an artificial heart valve that grows over time would be ideal.
Read more
Photo: Child in hospital

Pediatric pathology: Specialized knowledge for the youngest

02/02/2015

When children are sick, their parents take them to a pediatrician. A pediatric pathologist is needed when pathology exams need to be conducted. This branch of pathology requires specialized knowledge. The Society for Pediatric and Fetal Pathologists is championing the transfer and preservation of this knowledge.
Read more
Grafic: A lot of different people as comic book characters

Population study: "We want to track the study participants over many years"

24/11/2014

How do diseases of civilization develop and can they be prevented when you know triggering factors? A new National Cohort should deliver answers in the coming years. The Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases is involved in this study. We spoke with Dr. Kerstin Wirkner, who is going to co-supervise the study in Leipzig.
Read more

Pediatric anesthesia: "I would object to a specialty medical training"

01/09/2014

When very young children already need to be in the operating room, it’s not just the parents that are concerned. This type of situation is a special challenge for the entire operating team, because children are always very special patients - especially since they are not just simply small grown-ups!
Read more
Photo: Physician talks to a girl

"Pediatric conditions often require pediatric-specific engineering"

10/03/2014

Children are not just small adults and they cannot be treated as such. Physicians have recognized this but manufacturers of medical devices have a hard time here: the market for pediatric medical devices is very small and researchers have difficulties to turn their ideas into commercially successful products.
Read more