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Myocardial infarction: Differences of men and women are not attributed to X chromosome


Myocardial infarction differs in men and women. Women fall ill later, but they die from it more often. Overall, men are affected more often. These and further differences are not attributed to the X chromosome.
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Image: Two illustrations of a femal breast, the left one with deep red colors, the right one with white and yellow colors in the middle; Copyright: Magnus-Dustler

How breast cancer screening could be better and less painful


The breast cancer screening tests offered to women may in many cases be unnecessarily painful. New research from Lund University in Sweden shows that strong compression of the breast during mammography screening does not automatically lead to a better basis for diagnosis.
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Contraceptives: Deaths from ovarian cancer decline worldwide


Deaths from ovarian cancer fell worldwide between 2002 and 2012 and are predicted to continue to decline in the USA, European Union (EU) and, though to a smaller degree, in Japan by 2020, according to new research published in the leading cancer journal Annals of Oncology.
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Image: Mammogram, Malignant Tumor; Copyright: Houston Methodist

Artificial intelligence expedites breast cancer risk prediction


Researchers at Houston Methodist have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) software that reliably interprets mammograms, assisting doctors with a quick and accurate prediction of breast cancer risk.
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Yale study identifies how Zika virus infects the placenta


In a new study, Yale researchers demonstrate Zika virus infection of cells derived from human placentas. The research provides insight into how Zika virus may be transmitted from expectant mother to fetus, resulting in infection of the fetal brain. The study was published online in JCI Insight.
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Breast: Microbiome differences between healthy and cancerous tissue


A team of Mayo Clinic researchers has identified evidence of bacteria in sterilely-obtained breast tissue and found differences between women with and without breast cancer. The findings are published in Scientific Reports.
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Fighting myomas with ultrasound


A proper diagnosis is a part of great therapy. However, it can also be beneficial to be able to quickly respond to changes during a treatment. One example of this is the treatment of uterine myomas. Female patients at the University Hospital Bonn are treated using so-called high-intensity focused ultrasound, HIFU in short. Prof. Holger Strunk explains this procedure.
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Cancer prevention: Beneficial and ultimately personal


There are many decisions to be made in an adult life; among them are cancer prevention screenings. They are voluntary and many people deliberate whether they should go or not and if they would actually want to know the results. Science, politics and health care professionals also ponder with each new preventive service whether it is beneficial and who should end up paying for it.
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Early cancer detection: "Physicians and patients need a good database"


Whether it is a mammogram, colonoscopy or a skin cancer screening – after a certain age, we are subject to various early cancer detection screenings. Yet many of us don’t know that these screening tests are also associated with risks. This is something what Dr. Sylvia Sänger from the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf discovered in a study.
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Grafic: A lot of different people as comic book characters

Population study: "We want to track the study participants over many years"


How do diseases of civilization develop and can they be prevented when you know triggering factors? A new National Cohort should deliver answers in the coming years. The Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases is involved in this study. We spoke with Dr. Kerstin Wirkner, who is going to co-supervise the study in Leipzig.
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Photo: Man and woman visit a physician

"Gender-specific adjustments in clinical diagnostics and therapy can be expected"


In Western civilization, equality of women and men has been a topic for many years and is already being successfully implemented in many areas, even if many obstacles still need to be overcome – the introduction of quotas for women in boardrooms, just to mention one of them.
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