"MRSA can be spread in the healthcare environment and community and can cause serious infections," said lead investigator Leonard Mermel, MD, medical director, department of epidemiology & infection control, Rhode Island Hospital. "Identifying patient populations that have a high risk of MRSA carriage is important in our efforts to control the spread of this microbe among patients."

In the prospective, multi-centre trial, clinical nasal swabs were collected from various patient groups at eleven sites in the country, including inpatients screened for MRSA through active surveillance, inpatients and outpatients requiring haemodialysis, inpatients and outpatients with HIV-infection, pre-op cardiac surgery patients and patients admitted from long-term elder care.

Among patients at facilities that did not regularly screen for MRSA, prevalence of MRSA was highest in patients admitted from long-term care (18 percent) and HIV-infected outpatients (17 percent), suggesting these patient populations are at especially high risk of MRSA carriage. In addition, this trial is the first to look at the quantity of MRSA in the nares – openings of the nasal cavities – of different patient populations.

Currently, the standard method to detect carriage of MRSA is by routine culture whereby results can take several days. Delayed results can lead to MRSA transmission since potential MRSA carriers are often not isolated from patients without MRSA until these results are available.

MEDICA.de; Source: Rhode Island Hospital