The scientists examined 432 children aged three. Based on height and weight, the researchers calculated the Body Mass Index (BMI), compared it with birth certificate data and medical examination documents, and found out: after the first three years of their lives, 22 percent of the boys and eleven percent of the girls are overweight. The results are only the first part of a longitudinal study. After three years the test subjects will be examined again within the scope of the pre-school medical examination.
The first results already show: the older the children the more likely they are overweight. Whereas the BMI was quite in relation at birth, the scientists discovered that at the age of one, the percentage of children with an increased BMI was already higher. At the age of three, 22 percent of the boys and eleven percent of the girls are to be classified as overweight. Eleven percent of the boys and seven percent of the girls are considered to be adipose. Other studies show that at the age of six the number of overweight children increases once again.
The cooperation with others as the city’s statistical department, the socio-spatial spreading in the tests group was depicted. The social clusters described in the city’s social report are accurately reflected. Among others, they are based on income level, unemployment and level of education. Cluster one represents the most stable and cluster five the socially underprivileged social areas.
It was found that far more children are overweight and adipose in the social cluster four than in the clusters one to three. Children with overweight parents also have a significantly higher BMI than children with parents with normal weight. In contrast to the social area and the weight of the parents, migration background as well as language and motor fitness, for example, have proven to be irrelevant.
MEDICA.de; Source: Technische Universität Dortmund