Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. is the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). He is honoured for his role in helping develop the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the largest public health program in history devoted to a single disease, as well as Project Bioshield, designed to accelerate the research, development, purchase and availability of medical countermeasures against the effects of biological, chemical, radiological and nuclear agents.

“In nearly four decades of service to NIH, Tony Fauci has made innumerable scientific contributions that have improved the health of millions of people in this country and abroad,” says NIH Director Elias A. Zerhouni, M.D.

Fauci’s tenure as NIAID director began in 1984. For nearly 23 years, he has overseen the extensive NIAID research portfolio of basic and applied research to prevent, diagnose and treat infectious and immunologic diseases. The NIAID budget for fiscal year 2007 is approximately $4.4 billion. He has advised several administrations on global HIV/AIDS issues and other emerging disease threats. These issues have also been the subject of his numerous congressional testimonies and briefings.

The Lasker Awards were first presented in 1946, and are administered by the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation. The late Mary Woodard Lasker is widely recognized for her singular contribution to the growth of the National Institutes of Health and her unflagging commitment to government funding of medical research in the hope of curing diseases. Her support for medical research spanned five decades, during which she was the nation’s foremost citizen-activist on behalf of medical science.; Source: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases