"The hypothalamus is an area in the brain that integrates signals coming from our gut and fat telling our brain that we need food or we've had enough calories," said Doctor Mariella De Biasi, associate professor of neuroscience and assistant director of the Center on Addiction, Learning and Memory (CALM) at Baylor College of Medicine.
In the study, lead investigator Doctor Marian Picciotto, Yale University School of Medicine, and her research team focused on nicotine receptors expressed in the hypothalamic neurons that control the motivation to eat. In mice, they were able to determine that a particular nicotinic receptor subtype, the α3β4 nicotinic receptor, can influence how much a subject eats. They found that when nicotine binds to this receptor, pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons are activated, beginning the process that leads to appetite suppression.
"Identifying this receptor is important for the understanding of the mechanisms related to addiction, weight and smoking. Right now these results are only in mice, but this could open the door to finding therapeutic measures to help people quit smoking without gaining weight," said De Biasi.
De Biasi adds that choosing to smoke, or to not quit, because of how it affects a person's weight is extremely dangerous. Smoking contributes to cardiovascular disease, certain types of cancer including lung cancer, reproductive disorders and premature wrinkling, just to name a few. Any benefit from weight loss is ineffectual when these side effects are taken into account.
De Biasi concludes that this study "is not only important for the people that are trying to quit smoking, but the results provide a target for the development of drugs that might help to control obesity and related metabolic disorders".
MEDICA.de; Source: Baylor College of Medicine