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Public Health & Associations

Public Health & Associations

News on public health research and national as well as international health policies. Edited by MEDICA.de and several associations.

 
 

Architecture of mTOR Protein Complex Solved

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: mTORC1 [18/12/2015] For a long time it has been known that the protein TOR – Target of Rapamycin – controls cell growth and is involved in the development of diseases such as cancer and diabetes. Researchers at the University of Basel’s Biozentrum together with scientists from ETH Zurich have now examined the structure of mammalian TOR complex 1 (mTORC1) in more detail. Architecture of mTOR Protein Complex Solved - Read more

UZH scientists predict activity of human genes

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: double helix [18/12/2015] Genetically identical sibling cells do not always behave the same way. So far this has been attributed to random molecular reactions. Now systems biologists of the University of Zurich have discovered an overlooked consequence of the spatial separation of cells into a nucleus and a cytoplasm. Building on top of this insight they could predict the activity of genes in individual human cells.UZH scientists predict activity of human genes - Read more

Regenerate neurons in damaged areas of the brain

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Two persons in a labor [17/12/2015] This activator has proved a capacity to generate an important increase in neurogenesis and represents a first step for future medicine for patients suffering from certain neurology diseases. Regenerate neurons in damaged areas of the brain - Read more

First serotonin neurons made from human stem cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Serotonin-producing neurons [16/12/2015] Su-Chun Zhang, a pioneer in developing neurons from stem cells at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, has created a specialized nerve cell that makes serotonin, a signaling chemical with a broad role in the brain.First serotonin neurons made from human stem cells - Read more

Metabolic pathway makes breast tumors more aggressive

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Mammography [15/12/2015] Researchers from the University of Würzburg have revealed a metabolic pathway that seems to make breast tumors more aggressive. The study will also identify possible targets for new cancers drugs. It will appear shortly in the renowned journal "Cancer Cell".Metabolic pathway makes breast tumors more aggressive - Read more

Suicide gene therapy kills prostate tumor cells

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphik: prostate metastases [15/12/2015] Results from a long-term clinical trial conducted by cancer researchers at Houston Methodist Hospital show that combining radiation treatment with "suicide gene therapy," a technique in which prostate cancer cells are genetically modified so they signal a patient's immune system to attack them, provides a safe and effective one-two punch against the disease.Suicide gene therapy kills prostate tumor cells - Read more

Fallopian tube organoids: understanding of ovarian cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Fallopian Tube Organoid [14/12/2015] A new way of growing Fallopian tube cells in culture is expected to give a boost to our understanding and prevention of female genital diseases, such as infertility, inflammatory disease, and ovarian cancer.Fallopian tube organoids: understanding of ovarian cancer - Read more

Monoclonal antibody increases survival with breast cancer

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Image: Woman with breast cancer [10/12/2015] Giving a monoclonal antibody (denosumab) as adjuvant therapy with aromatase inhibitors in postmenopausal, hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer patients reduces the relapse rate by 18 percent. This is the central finding of the ABCSG 18 breast cancer study regarding disease-free survival.Monoclonal antibody increases survival with breast cancer - Read more

Using "big data" to fight flu

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Woman with flu [10/12/2015] Thanks to "big data", researchers have identified new molecules that are instrumental in the replication of the flu virus. If these host proteins are blocked, influenza viruses are unable to multiply as effectively. The international study therefore makes a significant contribution towards the development of new treatments and flu drugs. Using "big data" to fight flu - Read more

Molecular shift stops stem cells in Drosophila making tumors

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Eyeless enzyme [09/12/2015] These precisely timed changes in aging stem cells could provide a path to identifying some cancers and targeting therapies, say University of Oregon scientists. They studying neural stem cells in the fruit fly Drosophila have uncovered a molecular change experienced by stem cells as they age. During development of the central nervous system, a protein is expressed that blocks tumor formation.Molecular shift stops stem cells in Drosophila making tumors - Read more

 
 

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