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Public Health & Associations

Public Health & Associations

News on public health research and national as well as international health policies. Edited by MEDICA.de and several associations.

 
 

Predicting superbugs' countermoves to new drugs

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Petri dish with bacteria inside [05/01/2015] With drug-resistant bacteria on the rise, even common infections that were easily controlled for decades are proving trickier to treat with standard antibiotics. Researchers have developed a computer program called OSPREY to predict how MRSA will adapt to a new experimental drug ahead of time, before the drug is tested on patients.Predicting superbugs' countermoves to new drugs - Read more

Children: Open bone breaks can heal safely without surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Boy with a colorful cast around the arm [17/12/2014] Many children who sustain so-called open bone fractures in the forearm or lower leg can, and do, heal safely without surgery, according to the results of a small study led by investigators at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center.Children: Open bone breaks can heal safely without surgery - Read more

Complications from blood transfusions more common than previously reported

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Hanging, empty blood bags [16/12/2014] Two studies shed new light on the prevalence of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) and transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO), the number one and two leading causes of blood transfusion-related deaths in the United States.Complications from blood transfusions more common than previously reported - Read more

Patients do not understand risks of unnecessary antibiotics

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Physician informs a patient about his description [16/12/2014] Over prescription of antibiotics is a major factor driving one of the biggest public health concerns today: antibiotic resistance. In a first-of-its-kind study, research led by the George Washington University suggests that public health educational materials may not address the misconceptions that shape why patients expect antibiotics, driving doctors to prescribe them more.Patients do not understand risks of unnecessary antibiotics - Read more

Drawing lessons from Philadelphia's large-scale ob unit closures

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: [12/12/2014] What does it mean for expectant mothers and hospitals when there are large-scale closures of maternity units? A new study led by researchers at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia provides an inside view from hospital staff members in Philadelphia, where 13 out of 19 obstetric units closed in a 15-year period.Drawing lessons from Philadelphia's large-scale ob unit closures - Read more

Making Your Own End-of-Life Decisions: “All options of palliative care, pain management and continued life need to have been explained to the patient“

( Source: MEDICA.de )

[01/12/2014] How does a physician handle a patient, who wants to die and what rights do I actually have as a patient? Legal practitioners do not automatically answer these and other questions. We talked about this subject with MD-PhD Ralf Jox from the Institute of Ethics, History and Theory of Medicine at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Germany.Making Your Own End-of-Life Decisions: “All options of palliative care, pain management and continued life need to have been explained to the patient“ - Read more

'Antibiogram' to help improve antibiotic use, effectiveness

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: White blood cell eats MRSA [25/11/2014] Use of "antibiograms" in skilled nursing facilities could improve antibiotic effectiveness and help address problems with antibiotic resistance that are becoming a national crisis.'Antibiogram' to help improve antibiotic use, effectiveness - Read more

Antibiotics get a “time-out”

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Glas of water next to some pills [19/11/2014] Resistance to antibiotics is an important health concern that affects both the spread of infections, like Clostridium difficile, and the medication budget. Researchers at the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) examined the effectiveness of adopting an antibiotic “time-out” during treatment, which involves regularly re-evaluating the treatment strategy as the clinical situation evolves.Antibiotics get a “time-out” - Read more

Project reduces 'alarm fatigue' in hospitals by 80 percent

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Graphic: Monitor with ECG and the word [11/11/2014] Widespread adoption could increase patient safety nationally: The sound of monitor alarms in hospitals can save patients' lives, but the frequency with which the monitors go off can also lead to "alarm fatigue," in which caregivers become desensitized to the ubiquitous beeping.Project reduces 'alarm fatigue' in hospitals by 80 percent - Read more

Older adults at risk of delirium after surgery

( Source: MEDICA.de )

Photo: Older man with oxygen mask [04/11/2014] New research reports that preoperative pain and depressive symptoms in older adults place them at greater risk of delirium following surgery. According to the findings, both pain and depression are independent and interactive risk factors for delirium, suggesting a cumulative effect.Older adults at risk of delirium after surgery - Read more

 
 

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